Yes. Oropharyngeal cancer is potentially curable, depending on the stage. It is treated either by surgical removal of the tumor, or with radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Yes. This area is difficult to surgically remove, however if small enough and with the latest surgical techniques it is possible. If the lesion is larger and/ or there is lymph node involvement then radiation with chemotherapy can be used and still cure the cancer. Not every patient is cureable and recurrences do happen. It all depends on the extent of disease and sensitivity to treatment.
Stage IV. In most diseases means cancer traveled to far off places, but bilateral large neck nodes and tumors extending large and beyondboundaries can be stage iv. It does mean chemo & chemo rt go first, neck surgical disection may be next.
See an Oral Surgeon. Oral cancer is a killer... Stage 4 is very advanced. You need to consult the best oral surgeon in your area. We recommend pre-cancer screenings to every dental patient. Oral cancer foundation is a national public service, non-profit with information available on prevention, education, surgery, causes, research. Donations are welcomed. Www. Oralcancerfoundation. Org.
Possibly. Robotics have changed how some of these are removed. Sometimes removing a very bulky tumor causes too many speech and swallowing problems. You need an ENT who specializes in head and neck cancer surgery, and works with a team of specialists in radiation therapy and medical oncology. A tumor like that generally needs all three types of therapies.
Yes. In general, yes. Prognosis poor. See a very experienced head and neck surgeon.
Usually not. Chemo_radiation is usual treatment for stage 4 disease.
Depends on the type. Oropharyngeal cancer can be removed and treated. I have recently had two patients have successful treatment of stage four oropharyngeal cancer and are both in remission. Get under the care of a good university based program and make sure the treating surgeons and oncologists meet regularly to treat your type of cancer with the latest methods. Good luck!
It depends. It depends on the staging. Surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy are modalities that we use to treat oropharyngeal cancer. Whether one needs chemotherapy first prior to surgery then surgery or chemo and radiation only -or surgery and chemo/radiation etc- all will depend on the stage. Multiple disciplines/specialties many times are required.
Anything. Cancer can have no symptoms at all or can have areas of soreness and difficulty in performing everyday functions, such as eating, talking, etc. If you have any concerns at all, it is best to visit your dentist or ENT physician so he/she can rule out any possibilities of cancer.
Trouble swallowing.. A lump or mass in the oropharnyx is difficult to see. Usually the earliest sign is trouble swallowing. Pain or bleeding is a "late" sign and usually means the disease is advanced. Swollen lymph glands in the neck is also a late sign and indicates advanced disease.
Not very common. Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas are relatively uncommon malignancies with approximately 123, 000 cases of oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer diagnosed worldwide each year.
Certain doctors do. Medical oncologist, radiation oncologists and ear nose and throat doctors see a lot of cases of oropharyngeal cancer.
Yes. I'm sure if you simply google oropharygeal cancer under the images tab, you will find what you are looking for.
OralCancerFoundation. Look at the www. Oralcancerfoundation. Org web site. Google squamous cell carcinoma.
Very hot topic. The infectivity of oral hpv is very high, and despite salacaious thoughts to the contrary, the most efficient way is osculation (kissing). While infectivity is high, carcinogenesis is quite low. So, many are infected very few develop cancers. The same is true for oro-genital/ano-genital transmission.
We don't know. It has only been fairly recently that we have had good evidence for a link between hpv infection in the oral pharyngeal area and cancer. It is unclear what the real risk is and whether contact with someone with either hpv or hpv-associated cancer can lead to transmission.