Born with it. It is a heart defect you are born with. It may be simple, moderate, or very serious. They include "holes in the heart", valve problems, malformed or absent chambers, valves, or blood vessels. Just under 1 % of all babies are born with some type of defect, often minor and temporary. They are usually diagnosed shortly after birth, occasionally much later.
Varies. Babies can be born with a number of heart anomalies, possibly as part of syndrome or prematurity. They can be holes in the heart, abnormalities of the large vesels coming off heart, failure of part of the heart to develop, coronary artery problems, and more. A pediatric cardiologist and cardiothoracic surgeon will evaluate specifics. Anesthesia for these procedures is very specialized.
Inherited problem. A inherited problem, in addition to the heart murmur, children suffering from those diseases often occur difficult to feed, by weight, shortness of breath and difficulty purple face of the symptoms.
Multiple. Congenital heart defects are a collection of issues that could be devastating early or of almost no consequence even in the long. As there are a variety of maladies, the causes are multiple as well. Environmental factors, genetic abnormalities in either of the parents and a combination of these factors lead to congenital heart defects.
?????? The most common cause is that we have no direct cause for congenital heart defects. They can be associated with certain genetic conditions such as down's syndrome. I also think in my distant memory that there are some that can be drug/chemically induced.
Born with it. Congenital heart disease is a general term given to people who are born with a heart problem (s). Around 25% of the people with congenital heart disease are considered critical and require surgery or catheter intervention within the first year of life.
Risk for babies. Many young women who had congenital heart disease (heart defect at birth) are having babies themselves now. A couple with a history of any type of congenital heart abnormality should ask for consultation with and fetal echo ultrasound study by mfm (maternal-fetal) or pediatric cardiology subspecialist. The fetus has an increased chance for heart defect which can differ from another in the family.
Defect at birth. Congenital heart disease is a problem with the heart's structure and/or function that is present at birth. It is the most common type of birth defect, and causes more deaths in the first year of life than any other birth defects. Treatment depends upon the condition, some require no treatment, others need critical intervention to survive. It affects 8-10 of each 1000 births.
Yes. Yes. There are several heart defects that you may die from if you are affected. Usually that happens early in life. Many of the defects can be corrected surgically, but not all of them and sometimes despite correction they do not have good prognosis. I would refer you for the list of such conditions to pediatric cardiologist since science in this area is changing constantly.
Ultrasound, EKG. An echo and ultrasound will pick up nearly all. Further testing may be indicated in specific cases.
It depends on defect. It depends on what kind of defect it is. Some defects have no symptoms, some have mild symptoms such as faster breathing, difficulty eating, increased sweating while feeding. And some defects are life threatening causing low oxygen levels in your body and without surgery or other type of intervention within hours of delivery may be lethal.
Congenital heart. Not always, it varies from no symptoms to reason for dying with significant symptoms in first days of life, depends on type of defect.
Variable. This varies quite a bit with the chd under consideration. If you have a specific one in mind, please submit a new question with that in mind.
Present at birth. Congenital heart disease and the term congenital heart defect are used interchangeably. Congenital heart defects are structural abnormalities of the heart and/or the large blood vessels in the chest that are present at birth. There are dozens of different defects. Some have no real implication and some can have life-threatening consequences requiring multiple surgeries starting early in life.
No. Congenital heart disease is present at birth.
Not specificly. The sporadic occurrence of congenital heart disease in a baby is influenced by many factors including heredity & toxic exposure. Maternal /paternal age at conception does not seem to have a direct influence unless a chromosome defect comes into play. Then advanced maternal age increases risk of trisomy & each chromosome defect has a higher risk of a heart defect.
No. Congenital means you were born with it.
No Prevention. Congenital heart disease is a defect that occurs in the fetus during pregnancy. There is a percentage of these defects caused by drugs, alcohol or certain types of infection such ass rubella or german measles. These can be minimized thru care and avoidance. The majority of these defects are by unknown causes which of course we can not avoid.
Congenital. There is no real way. Congenital heart disease is due to genetic mutations. Some congenital heart disease can be treated in utero. Maintaining a good nutrition during pregnancy and avoiding teratogenic drugs are some of the ways.
No plan I know of. Congenital heart disease (chd) is a sporadic event occuring in ~1% of births. It is frequently seen in chromasome disorders. Having one or more parents with a defect increases risk but not always for the same defects. Having a 1st child with chd increases risk for a 2nd. A healthy lifestyle prior to and during pregnancy is the best anyone can do. Even then, ~4% of nbns will have an issue to deal with.