18 doctors weighed in:

What sort of disease is a cleft lip and palate?

18 doctors weighed in
Dr. Jeffrey Marsh
Surgery - Plastics
9 doctors agree

In brief: Cleft li/palate

Cleft lip and cleft palate are not a disease.
They are birth defects where the process of the face and mouth coming together early in the pregnancy has not been completed.

In brief: Cleft li/palate

Cleft lip and cleft palate are not a disease.
They are birth defects where the process of the face and mouth coming together early in the pregnancy has not been completed.
Dr. Jeffrey Marsh
Dr. Jeffrey Marsh
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2 comments
Dr. Ronald Achong
Great answer. I agree 100%
Dr. David Schleimer
An important distinction and well said Dr. Marsh.
Dr. Michael Mirochna
Family Medicine
6 doctors agree

In brief: Congenital disorder

A cleft lip or palate is when in the womb a developing baby's nose, upper lip and the roof of the mouth (palate) do not properly come together. This can be a signal for other developmental problems or it can be an isolated finding.
Surgery can correct this problem as it can lead to feeding difficulties for the newborn.

In brief: Congenital disorder

A cleft lip or palate is when in the womb a developing baby's nose, upper lip and the roof of the mouth (palate) do not properly come together. This can be a signal for other developmental problems or it can be an isolated finding.
Surgery can correct this problem as it can lead to feeding difficulties for the newborn.
Dr. Michael Mirochna
Dr. Michael Mirochna
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2 comments
Dr. James Sidman
Surgery does not help feeding difficulties in the newborn with cleft palate. Cleft lip alone does not usually cause feeding problems. Cleft palate is usually not repaired till 9-12 mos old so special bottles are used to help with feeding problems, not early surgery.
Dr. David Schleimer
Indeed so, too early surgical intervention may lead to disruption of one of the growth centers of the midface. As concavity of the soft tissue profile in treated adult cleft patients is often seen. Lip repair is a very distinct and different surgery with alternate goals and sequelae.
Dr. James Ferguson
Pediatrics
4 doctors agree

In brief: Failure to join

The fetal foreface forms from separate skin pods, like a hand/palm down, thumb&5th finger will be lower lip, middle 3 come together as middle, nose openings &upper lips.
All by 35 days. If the 3 top pods don't join u have 1 or 2 sided cl. The palatal ridges grow together from a front & 2 sides by 9wks & failure=cp, & may nor have a cl.There is polygenic linkage & some segragation of pure cl from cp.

In brief: Failure to join

The fetal foreface forms from separate skin pods, like a hand/palm down, thumb&5th finger will be lower lip, middle 3 come together as middle, nose openings &upper lips.
All by 35 days. If the 3 top pods don't join u have 1 or 2 sided cl. The palatal ridges grow together from a front & 2 sides by 9wks & failure=cp, & may nor have a cl.There is polygenic linkage & some segragation of pure cl from cp.
Dr. James Ferguson
Dr. James Ferguson
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Dr. James Beckman
Surgery - Plastics
2 doctors agree

In brief: Congenital disorder

Cleft lip and palate arise when fusion of paired sides of the developing embryo fails.
This occurs at about 8 weeks into pregnancy for lip defect and at about 12 weeks for the palate fusion defect.. In utero (during pregnancy) repairs have been done and get remarkable results with almost or no scar visible as the tissues are still very close to stem cells themselves. After birth, lip repair done.

In brief: Congenital disorder

Cleft lip and palate arise when fusion of paired sides of the developing embryo fails.
This occurs at about 8 weeks into pregnancy for lip defect and at about 12 weeks for the palate fusion defect.. In utero (during pregnancy) repairs have been done and get remarkable results with almost or no scar visible as the tissues are still very close to stem cells themselves. After birth, lip repair done.
Dr. James Beckman
Dr. James Beckman
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