Barotrauma... ...Usually refers to damage to the lungs of a patient on a ventilator. It is almost always used to specifically mean air escaping the lung into the pleura (pneumothorax) or the mediastinum (area between the lungs; a pneumomediastinum). While it is a common complication in people with severe acute respiratory failure (e.g. Ards), by itself it has no impact on the probability of survival.
Many. It is high static pressure in the lung , most commonly seen on pts on a ventilator due to high airway pressure , it can be avoided if they follow the standard protocol . Can be seen in diving , flying etc.