Describe the features of a blood clot in the lungs.?

Pulmonary embolus. Typically clot that ends up in the lungs from a deep venous thrombosis of the extremities. Most often this is a DVT of the legs. The clot breaks off and travels through the bloodstream through the heart an into the pulmonary arteries. This is in the most extreme case can cause heart failure, respiratory insufficiency and death.
Pulmonary embolism. Pe, the medical term for a blood clot in the lungs, can present mildly like a cough and feeling winded with exertion or it can present dramatically with collapse and death. Almost everyone has some breathlessness. Occasionally one coughs blood or feels pain with deep breath or cough. Risk factors are usually present but there's no room to list them all here. If suspected, a ct scan is indicated.
Can be deadly. The size of the clot dictates how dangerous it is. Very very tiny emboli may not have much clinical consequence, unless it happens frequently. A large embolus that blocks large amounts of flow to the lung can cause symptoms including shortness of breath and even cardiac arrest. Unexpected shortness of breath should always be considered an emergency and evaluated by a doctor right away!

Related Questions

How do you know if you got a blood clot in the lungs?

Many symptoms. The usual complaints would be shortness of breath, pain, a rapid pulse, symptoms of dizziness or fainting, general sense of doom, impending sense of doom or death, and many other symptoms. One may not know that he or she has had a clot. Symptoms can be severe or minor or minimal. A high index of suspicion is often needed and the clinic history and setting may tell. There are specific tests too. Read more...

What causes a blood clot in the lungs what's the best bplan of action?

Causes and treatment. Usually a clot forms in one or both legs and some or all of the clot breaks off and travels to the lungs. Many things can increase your risk of blood clots, including an injury, severe illness, cancer, an inherited blood clotting tendency, smoking, and prolonged immobility are some. The best plan of action is to be treated with anticoagulants (usually coumadin) for at least 6 months. Read more...
Embolus. Usually from a clot in the leg/pelvis veins (deep venous thrombosis dvt) that then breaks loose, goes thru the heart and lodges in the lung(pulmonary embolus). A search for a cause is the first step. If an underlying cause is found, that needs treatment. In addition short term anticoagulation with heparin, and longer treatment with Coumadin (warfarin) for 3-6 months is common. Read more...
Pulmonary embolism . The treatment of pulmonary embolism depends upon its severity. In patients who are hemodynamically unstable surgical thrombectomy, or mechanical or pharmacological thrombo lysis can be a life saving option. For patients with stable vital signs, anticoagulant therapy as discussed is administered. For patients who have other high risk features such as right heart enlargement , lysis is considered . Read more...

My friend died of blood clot in the lungs. What causes this?

Many things. Usually a blood clot in the lung starts out as a deep vein thrombosis in one of the legs. They can, on occasion, come from other parts of the body though. A clot forms and some or all of it breaks off and travels to the lungs. Many things can increase your risk of blood clots, including an injury, severe illness, cancer, an inherited blood clotting tendency, and prolonged immobility are some. Read more...
If you mean . Pulmonary embolism, it is a blood clot that forms usually in the deep leg vein, sometimes in the pelvic veins, that breaks off and travels to the pulmonary artery. If the clot is big enough, it can cause low oxygen and low blood pressure, sometimes to the point of sudden death. Read more...

What is the likelyhood of a patient surviving a blood clot in the lungs?

Size matters. . While pulmonary embolism can be a fatal event, most are not. Large clots that lodge at the bifurcation of the major pulmonary veins caused the biggest problem. This is often referred to as a saddle embolus. Many pulmonary embolism's are detected on cat scan of the chest and patients are completely without symptoms. Read more...
Very good. Most patient survive their first blood clot, its the second or third that end up causing more damage. This is why making the diagnosis is key and providing treatment to prevent the next one is key. Read more...
Surviving lung clots. Large outcome and registry studies suggest that over 80% of unselected patients who develop a first episode of a lung clot will survive it. Those that do not tend to be elderly ( over 75 yrs), have a large saddle embolus , or have medical co morbid conditions or active cancer associated with their lung clot. Read more...