3 doctors weighed in:

What is the probability that a mixed-race female who smokes 1 pack of cigarettes per day will develop lung disease?

3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Luis Villaplana
Internal Medicine
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Very good

The probability of developing emphysema in a 1 pack a day smoker is dependant upon longevity, not race.
If you smoke for long enough, the chances are 100%, whether you are mixed, white, black, latino, purple or green.

In brief: Very good

The probability of developing emphysema in a 1 pack a day smoker is dependant upon longevity, not race.
If you smoke for long enough, the chances are 100%, whether you are mixed, white, black, latino, purple or green.
Dr. Luis Villaplana
Dr. Luis Villaplana
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Dr. Klaus d Lessnau
Internal Medicine - Pulmonary Critical Care

In brief: ???

Check with your doc. Depends the pack years!

In brief: ???

Check with your doc. Depends the pack years!
Dr. Klaus d Lessnau
Dr. Klaus d Lessnau
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