3 doctors weighed in:

Why does damage to the cervix cause fertility problems?

3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Sanford Rosenberg
Obstetrics & Gynecology
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Cervical mucus

When patients have traumatic procedures done on the cervix, such as a leep procedure for abnormal pap smears, it can damage the mucus glands.
Cervical mucus is essential as a "conduit" for sperm to travel from the vagina to the uterus, and to "cleanse" sperm of extraneous elements like bacteria and white blood cells. Also, the mucus helps the sperm to be able to fertilize sperm.

In brief: Cervical mucus

When patients have traumatic procedures done on the cervix, such as a leep procedure for abnormal pap smears, it can damage the mucus glands.
Cervical mucus is essential as a "conduit" for sperm to travel from the vagina to the uterus, and to "cleanse" sperm of extraneous elements like bacteria and white blood cells. Also, the mucus helps the sperm to be able to fertilize sperm.
Dr. Sanford Rosenberg
Dr. Sanford Rosenberg
Thank
Dr. Sanford Rosenberg
Obstetrics & Gynecology

In brief: Cervical stenosis

Also, procedures such as cone biopsies of the cervix and cervical freezing for abnormal cells or inflammation can cause the opening of the cervix to stenose, or become very tight, which can also alter the production and expression of cervical mucus.

In brief: Cervical stenosis

Also, procedures such as cone biopsies of the cervix and cervical freezing for abnormal cells or inflammation can cause the opening of the cervix to stenose, or become very tight, which can also alter the production and expression of cervical mucus.
Dr. Sanford Rosenberg
Dr. Sanford Rosenberg
Thank
Dr. Padmavati Garvey
Obstetrics & Gynecology

In brief: Incompetent cervix

Rarely procedures such as d+c's or leep cone biopsy can weaken the cervix, making it unable to retain a pregnancy.
Women with this problem usually miscarry late, after 16 weeks.

In brief: Incompetent cervix

Rarely procedures such as d+c's or leep cone biopsy can weaken the cervix, making it unable to retain a pregnancy.
Women with this problem usually miscarry late, after 16 weeks.
Dr. Padmavati Garvey
Dr. Padmavati Garvey
Thank
Read more answers from doctors