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How can sprained ankle be treated?

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In brief: Treatments of sprained ankle

Self-help rules:
After you have sprained your ankle, you should treat it as soon as possible to speed up recovery.
There are some self-help rules namely PRICE and HARM include:
• PRICE procedure for protection
o Protect you from any further injury
o Rest for two to three days
o Ice the injured area by using an ice pack
o Compress the area by bandage to support and help reduce swelling
o Elevate the injured area above the level of your heart to control swelling
• HARM procedure to avoid further harm
o Heat: Do not use heat packs which may encourage blood to flow to the area
o Alcohol: Do not drink alcohol as it increases bleeding and swelling
o Running or any form of strenuous exercises should be avoided
o Massage: Do not massage as it increases bleeding and swelling

Physiotherapy
When you are able to move better without pain, your doctor or physiotherapist may tailor some exercises for you to strengthen the muscles around your ankle. Physiotherapy is often done for recovery purpose. It restores your range of movement, strength and balance with the following techniques:
• Massage
• Ultrasound
• Exercises
• Taping or having a brace placed around your ankle
• Balance and stability training such as standing on one leg

Surgical management:
A sprained ankle rarely needs a surgery to heal. However if your ankle is causing you persistent pain after all kinds of basic treatments, you may be referred to an orthopaedic surgeon for further check-up. Sometimes a surgery may be needed to repair a severely torn ligament. Surgical options include:
Arthroscopy
An arthroscope is used to look inside the joint to see if there are any loose fragments of bone or cartilage that caught in the joint.
• Reconstruction
A torn ligament will be repaired with stitches or suture, or using other ligaments in the feet to repair the damaged ligaments.

Rehabilitation Management:
It depends on the severity of your condition and the types of surgery that you have done. Rehabilitation often involves time to restore the pre-injury function. It may range from weeks to months. A series of physiotherapy sessions may promote speedy recovery.

In brief: Treatments of sprained ankle

Self-help rules:
After you have sprained your ankle, you should treat it as soon as possible to speed up recovery.
There are some self-help rules namely PRICE and HARM include:
• PRICE procedure for protection
o Protect you from any further injury
o Rest for two to three days
o Ice the injured area by using an ice pack
o Compress the area by bandage to support and help reduce swelling
o Elevate the injured area above the level of your heart to control swelling
• HARM procedure to avoid further harm
o Heat: Do not use heat packs which may encourage blood to flow to the area
o Alcohol: Do not drink alcohol as it increases bleeding and swelling
o Running or any form of strenuous exercises should be avoided
o Massage: Do not massage as it increases bleeding and swelling

Physiotherapy
When you are able to move better without pain, your doctor or physiotherapist may tailor some exercises for you to strengthen the muscles around your ankle. Physiotherapy is often done for recovery purpose. It restores your range of movement, strength and balance with the following techniques:
• Massage
• Ultrasound
• Exercises
• Taping or having a brace placed around your ankle
• Balance and stability training such as standing on one leg

Surgical management:
A sprained ankle rarely needs a surgery to heal. However if your ankle is causing you persistent pain after all kinds of basic treatments, you may be referred to an orthopaedic surgeon for further check-up. Sometimes a surgery may be needed to repair a severely torn ligament. Surgical options include:
Arthroscopy
An arthroscope is used to look inside the joint to see if there are any loose fragments of bone or cartilage that caught in the joint.
• Reconstruction
A torn ligament will be repaired with stitches or suture, or using other ligaments in the feet to repair the damaged ligaments.

Rehabilitation Management:
It depends on the severity of your condition and the types of surgery that you have done. Rehabilitation often involves time to restore the pre-injury function. It may range from weeks to months. A series of physiotherapy sessions may promote speedy recovery.
Quality HealthCare Team
Quality HealthCare Team
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Dr. Warren Strudwick
Board Certified, Sports Medicine
27 years in practice
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