​How can I prevent Hepatitis?

Prevention ​of Hepatitis​. Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A vaccination (2 injections)
- Aged >1 with no previous vaccination against hepatitis A
- People who travel frequently or stay in areas of high and intermediate risk (vaccination should start 4 weeks before departure)
Other preventive measures:
Personal hygiene - wash your hands before preparing or eating food, flush and wash your hands with soap after going to the toilet.
Food hygiene - drink only boiled water. All food, especially bivalve shellfish such as oysters, clams and scallops, should be carefully cleaned and thoroughly cooked.
Environmental hygiene - treat sewage and excrements properly, treat and store drinking water properly and keep the kitchen and eating utensils clean.
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B vaccination (3 injections)
- Persons with no previous vaccination against hepatitis B

Other preventive measures:
- Handle an open wound carefully and make sure it is properly bandaged.
- Wear plastic gloves when handling contamination with blood or body fluids. Sterilise contaminated items with 1 part of bleach diluted with 4 parts of water.
- Do not share razors, toothbrushes, nail clippers and other items that can rupture the skin. Do not share syringes or needles.
- Avoid procedures like body/eyebrow tattooing, acupuncture and mole removal. Make sure the instruments are disposable or thoroughly sterilised if you have to undergo such procedures.
- Limit the number of sex partners. Practice safer sex and use the condom properly. If your sex partner is known to be a carrier, receive vaccination as soon as possible.
Hepatitis C
Currently, there is no vaccine for prevention.
Other preventive measures:
- Do not share needles, syringes or other items that may contain blood;
- Avoid sharing personal care items (e.g. razors, toothbrushes) that are potentially contaminated with blood; Persons with hepatitis C should not donate blood or organs.
- Use condoms properly every time when you have sex.
Hepatitis D
Vaccination against hepatitis B provides automatic protection from hepatitis D.
Hepatitis E
Currently, there is no vaccine for prevention. Adopt good hygiene practice at all stages of food preparation. Specifically:

- Personal hygiene - keep your hands clean, wash hands with soap before preparing or eating food and after going to the toilet.

- Food hygiene - drink only boiled water. All food, especially seafood (e.g. shellfish), pork and pig offal should be carefully cleaned and thoroughly cooked. Avoid raw or undercooked food. Handle and store raw and cooked food separately to prevent cross-contamination.

- Environmental hygiene - always keep the environment clean, especially in the kitchen and toilet.
Hepatitis G
Currently, there is no vaccine for prevention.
Avoid unnecessary exposure to body fluids.

Related Questions

How can I prevent spreading hepatitis b to others?

Caution. Hepatitis b is readily spread with bodily fluids. Care should be taken with open sores or wounds. Intercourse should involve barrier protection such as condoms. Read more...
Avoid body fluids. Don't share toothbrushes, razors and use barrier contraception. Ideally close contacts should be vaccinated against hep b. Read more...

How can I prevent a viral hepatitis infection?

Vaccine, wash, clean. Hep a: fecal-oral transmission: bad food, drink, sanitation. Can get vaccinated. Wash, cook. Hep b: shared blood products, less often sex. Can get vaccinated. Avoid IV drug use, nasal drug use, high risk sex. If from endemic region (far east, middle east, africa) or parents from endemic region-get tested. Hep c: no vaccine. Most from IV drug use, transfusion before 1993, less from sex exposure. Read more...
Vaccinate/precaution. The best way to prevent viral hepatitis is to know the risk factors. For hepatitis a and b, there are vaccines which are effective at preventing acute infection. For hepatitis c, there are no current vaccines, so knowing that this can be contracted by sharing needles, blood transfusions and blood exposure, taking care to avoid these activities is advisable. Read more...