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How is Hepatitis transmitted?

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In brief: Transmission​

Hepatitis A
As the virus can survive in freshwater/saltwater for up to 12 months and also in food for a few days, it is mainly transmitted by contaminated food, drinking water, shellfish and undercooked food.


Hepatitis B
Mainly transmitted by the blood or body fluids of a carrier (such as using unsterilised or contaminated needles for ear-piercing or tattooing, sharing shavers or toothbrushes, and sexual contact, etc.)
Hepatitis C
Transmitted by blood transfusion, contaminated syringes, direct contact with the saliva/mucus of a carrier, or sexual contact. Newborns can also contract the virus at birth through contact with the blood or secretion of their carrier mothers
Hepatitis D
Mainly transmitted by the blood or body fluids of a carrier (such as using unsterilised or contaminated needles for ear-piercing or tattooing, sharing shavers or toothbrushes, and sexual contact, etc.)

Hepatitis E
Transmitted mainly by food or water contaminated with the faeces of the infected. Transmission through consumption of raw or undercooked meat has also been documented. Person-to-person transmission is not common.

Hepatitis G
Transmitted by blood and body fluids.

In brief: Transmission​

Hepatitis A
As the virus can survive in freshwater/saltwater for up to 12 months and also in food for a few days, it is mainly transmitted by contaminated food, drinking water, shellfish and undercooked food.


Hepatitis B
Mainly transmitted by the blood or body fluids of a carrier (such as using unsterilised or contaminated needles for ear-piercing or tattooing, sharing shavers or toothbrushes, and sexual contact, etc.)
Hepatitis C
Transmitted by blood transfusion, contaminated syringes, direct contact with the saliva/mucus of a carrier, or sexual contact. Newborns can also contract the virus at birth through contact with the blood or secretion of their carrier mothers
Hepatitis D
Mainly transmitted by the blood or body fluids of a carrier (such as using unsterilised or contaminated needles for ear-piercing or tattooing, sharing shavers or toothbrushes, and sexual contact, etc.)

Hepatitis E
Transmitted mainly by food or water contaminated with the faeces of the infected. Transmission through consumption of raw or undercooked meat has also been documented. Person-to-person transmission is not common.

Hepatitis G
Transmitted by blood and body fluids.
Quality HealthCare Team
Quality HealthCare Team
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