What are the treatments for kidney stone?

Treatments of kidney stones. Treatment depends on the type and cause of the stone. Most stones can be treated without surgery. Drinking a lot of water (2.5 to 3 litres per day) and staying physically active are often enough to move a stone out of the body.

However, if there is infection or blockage, or a risk of kidney damage, a stone should always be removed. Any infection is treated with antibiotics first. Stones that are too large to pass can be removed in several ways:

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)


This is the most common method and does not involve a surgical operation. Instead, shock waves are used to break the stones into crystals small enough to be passed in the urine. The shock waves do not hurt, although some people feel some discomfort afterwards.


Ureteroscopic stone removal


If a stone is lodged in the ureter, a flexible narrow instrument called a cystoscope can be passed up through the urethra and bladder. The stone is "caught" and removed, or shattered into tiny pieces with a shock wave. This procedure usually involves a general anaesthetic.


Percutaneous nephrolithotomy


If ESWL doesn't work or a stone is particularly large, it may be surgically removed under general anaesthetic. The surgeon makes a small cut in the back and uses a telescopic instrument called a nephroscope to pull the stone out or break it up with shock waves.


Parathyroid surgery


Kidney stones caused by chemical imbalance resulting from over-activity of the parathyroid glands (in the neck), is often due to a small benign tumour that can be surgically removed.
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Related Questions

What are the treatments for kidney stones?

See answer . Other than observation with pain management to allow for spontaneous passage of small stones, the 3 standard treatments are extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (eswl), ureteroscopy with holmium laser lithotripsy, and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (pcn). Choice of procedure depends on such factors as location of stone in the kidney or ureter, size, density, and number of stones, and pt preference. Read more...
Many. Others have discussed interventions, so I will cover medications. NSAIDS like ibuprofen and ketorolac may help with pain. For severe pain, IV morphine may be used. Also, a drug called tamsulosin could help purge the stone and reduce the pain and time until it’s purged. Read more...
Kidney stone. Kidney stones up to 5mm in size will predictably pass on their own. Just drink plenty of water so you produce a lot of urine, dilate those ureters and allow the stone to pass. It may hurt while it's on its way out, but it'll pass. Bigger stones will likely get stuck and will cause tremendous pain and will have to be removed by lithotripsy or cystoscopy. Read more...

What are good treatments for immediate kidney stone pain relief?

Drink beer. I have recommended this to my patients at times and they have gotten relief and seen earlier passage the the stone. It initially increases the urine flow and may move the stone faster and clear it. But if you do not keep hydrating , you will get dehydrated and it is not useful for longer lasting renal colic. Read more...

What are the treatments available for kidney stones?

Natural or medical. Small kidney stones can pass spontaneously - thus always drink lots of water. May be helped taking Flomax (tamsulosin) to dilate ureter. Larger stones 6 - 15mm eswl (shockwave lithotripsy). Large & staghorn stones may require percutaneous nephro-lithotripsy. Non-mechanical medical treatments are needed to prevent metabolic kidney stones, such as hydrochlorthiazide for hypercalcuria, alopurinal for uricosuria. Read more...
Many. Conservative management is hydration, pain management and perhaps a medication to facilitate passage. If stone fails to pass, it may require a procedure such as laser fragmentation under direct vision using a ureteroscope, or alternatively, shock wave lithotripsy. Read more...

What are the treatments to get rid of kidney stones?

Many ways. Have you seen a urologist? Kidney stones often pass on their own with good hydration. If not, urologists can sometimes take them out using a scope through the bladder and up the ureter. Sometime you can have lithotripsy. Sometimes an interventional radiologist needs to put a tube (nephrostomy) in your back to get to the stone to take it out. Read more...

Can you please tell me the home treatments for kidney stone?

Hydration and more. Ask your doctor. There are several different types of kidney stones and several causes. Have you had a stone analyzed? The treatment would depend on what caused the stone to form. Read more...
More water, no soda! First of all, if you drink soda, stop! drink plenty of water- a clear urine will indicate you are indeed drinking enough. Pure cranberry juice helps by making the urine acidic. Eat lots of water melon-by itself. Avoid the following:meat, refined carbs especially sugar; caffeine; oxalate containing foods like rhubarb, spinach, or chard. Reduce salt in your diet. Parsley tea helps as well. Read more...

What type of treatment for kidney stone?

Various. Depends on one's symptoms. Ultrasound techniques can break them, other stones are left alone if not causing problems. Some invasive urology procedures are performed if the stone is blocking the ureter tube. Read more...
Three Main Kinds. The size of the stone, whether it is symptomatic, infected or located in the ureter help determine if treatment is needed, as well as what approach. Stones in the kidney >2.5 CM usually need surgery through a keyhole incision in the back (pcnl). Smaller stones (but >4 mm) in the kidney may need eswl(sound waves) or a direct look through the ureter (ureteroscopy) with laser break up. Ask your md. Read more...

What is latest and safest treatment for removing kidney stone?

Depends. It all depends on size of the stone and location. Your doctor should create a treatment plan accordingly. If stone is large, ultrasound waves are used to destroy the stones. Surgery may also be indicated when appropriate. Read more...

If I have a kidney stone, what are some of the best treatments?

Dietary changes. The best option is prevention. Increase your fluid intake. Once a stone is present, still increase water intake to prevent growth of the stone. Fresh lemon juice with water daily will help prevent kidney stone formation. Avoid caffeine, chocolates, and teas (hot or cold). If there is pain, surgery with a laser or shock wave treatment will be required to break up the stone and remove the fragments. Read more...
Stones. Depends on the size and position in the kidney. Shockwave lithotripsy may be the best option in the kidney. If in the ureter, lithotripsy or ureteroscopic basket extraction is usually done. Read more...

What is the best treatment for complications from kidney stone?

Depends. Depends on the nature of complication........Hydrnephrosis will need stenting, pyelonephritis will need additinal antibiotic, renal failure will need dialysis/ultrfiltration, pain med, ....... Read more...
Here are some ... Timely consultation and collaboration with Doc for timely intervention is the key to minimize stone-related complications. But, still remember nothing is free and no magic in life & medicine; it any, that is, to apply currently available knowledge, skill, technology, drug, commonsense, and wisdom at reasonable time in reasonable way to reasonable persons. So, work with Doc closely. Read more...