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How can kidney stone be diagnosed?

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In brief: Diagnosis of kidney stones

Doctors can usually diagnose a kidney stone by asking about the symptoms and doing a physical examination.
Further tests may be done to confirm the diagnosis, reveal the size and location of the stone, and identify the type of stone. These include:


• Blood tests: to identify excess amounts of certain chemicals related to the formation of stones
Urine analysis: patients may be asked to collect urine over 24 hours to see if there is a high concentration of the chemicals that cause stones
• X-rays: calcium stones show up white on the X-ray
• Intravenous pyelography (IVP): an X-ray involving an injection of special dye to show up stones that can't be seen with X-rays alone
• Ultrasound: uses high frequency sound waves to produce an image of the internal organs

In brief: Diagnosis of kidney stones

Doctors can usually diagnose a kidney stone by asking about the symptoms and doing a physical examination.
Further tests may be done to confirm the diagnosis, reveal the size and location of the stone, and identify the type of stone. These include:


• Blood tests: to identify excess amounts of certain chemicals related to the formation of stones
Urine analysis: patients may be asked to collect urine over 24 hours to see if there is a high concentration of the chemicals that cause stones
• X-rays: calcium stones show up white on the X-ray
• Intravenous pyelography (IVP): an X-ray involving an injection of special dye to show up stones that can't be seen with X-rays alone
• Ultrasound: uses high frequency sound waves to produce an image of the internal organs
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Dr. William Forsythe
Board Certified, Emergency Medicine
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