​How I can prevent from getting meningitis?

Prevention of Meningitis. - The following vaccines are available:

1. Meningococcal Bacteria

Presently there are two preparations on the market - the bivalent and the quadrivalent. The bivalent vaccine is intended for the prevention of meningitis caused by meningococci serogroups A and C. The quadrivalent vaccine can afford additional protection against meningococci serogroups W135 and Y. The vaccination, suitable from the age of 18 months only, comprises a single injection. It gives 3 years of post-vaccine immunity. In children it only gives 2 years of immunity. The vaccine confers protection after 7 to 14 days.

Besides, vaccination is recommended for:

- Travellers to Mecca in Saudi Arabia during the Hajj pilgrimage (quadrivalent vaccine). In 2002, the Saudi Arabian government requires all pilgrims on entry to produce a certificate of vaccination against the meningococcal disease using the quadrivalent vaccine. The certificate should be issued not more than 3 years and not less than 10 days before arrival.

- Travellers to sub-Saharan Africa during the dry season, i.e. December to June (bivalent or quadrivalent vaccine) with regard to local ad hoc epidemic situations and risk of exposure.

- Travellers to areas that are known to experience epidemic meningococcal meningitis as announced by authorities, e.g. World Health Organization; United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; and Health Canada.

This vaccine should not be administered to patients with acute infectious diseases. It is also not recommended for individuals suffering from ongoing progressive diseases or people who have severe reactions to the vaccine or its components.

2. Haemophilus Influenzae Type B (Hib) Vaccine/Combination vaccine containing Hib Vaccine

The Hib vaccine is given in four injections at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months and 1.5 years of age.
5-in-1 acellular combination vaccine covers diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, Hib and poliomyelitis. 6-in-1 acellular combination vaccine covers diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, Hib, poliomyelitis and hepatitis B. Please consult the doctor for the vaccination schedule.

3. Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines

13-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV13)

PCV13 covers 13 serotypes and is suitable for all above 6 weeks of age. Only one injection is required for those aged 2 or above. Infants below age 2 have to receive four injections at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months and 12-15 months. This vaccine is included under the Childhood Immunisation Programme of the Department of Health. Please refer to relevant sources for details.

23-valent Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (PPV23)

PPV23 covers 23 serotypes and is suitable for high-risk groups aged 2 or above, such as elderly people aged 65 or above, chronic disease patients or immunocompromised individuals. Only one injection is required for those aged 2 or above.

Maintain personal hygiene; keep the hands clean; cover the nose and mouth while sneezing or coughing, hold the spit with tissue and dispose of it in lidded rubbish bins.

Related Questions

I'm attending an event next week at place where there have been 3 meningitis cases. Is it a good idea to get the vaccine? Or prevent in other ways?

Meningitis. It is not likely that one week would provide sufficient time for your body to build up sufficient antibodies to protect you. There are medications that can be used to provide protection against meningitis. I suggest you consult with your doctor to see if you would benefit from taking an antibiotic to protect you. Read more...