What is a prostate?

Prostate gland. The prostate is a gland, about the size of a walnut, only found in men. It is located just below the bladder and surrounds the tube known as the urethra through which urine flows from the bladder out through the penis. The prostate is divided into three zones - central, transitional and peripheral. One of the main functions of the prostate is to produce an important liquefying component of semen, which allows the sperm to move freely.


Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a caused by overgrowth of prostate cells in the central part of the prostate. This enlargement constricts the urethra so the flow of urine is reduced and men find it increasingly difficult to empty their bladder.


BPH is very common and affects about one third of men over 50, and it is different from prostate cancer. However, their symptoms overlap, so you should see your doctor if you start to experience problems passing urine. A separate fact sheet on Prostate Cancer contains more information.
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Related Questions

What makes a prostate hurt?

Lots of things. Infection of the prostate, prostatitis is the most common. See your provider for an exam and urine sample. Read more...

What can cause prostate pain?

Here are some ... The fundamental cause is irritation to the nerve endings near, on, or inside the prostate by inflammation - infection, or by referring pain from the disorders of regional muscles, joints, and nerves so leading to the puzzles and debates on CP / CPPS as acronyms of chronic prostatitis / chronic pelvic pain syndrome. More? Ask treating urologist timely. Read more...

What is chronic prostate nd what is cure?

Prostatitis. Prostatitis is a condition that involves inflammation of the prostate and sometimes the area around it.This will require antibiotics for a longer period, usually 4-12 weeks. About 75% of all cases of chronic bacterial prostatitis clear up with this treatment.Sometimes the symptoms come back recur and antibiotic therapy is needed again. Hope this helped :]. Read more...

What is the prostate gland?  

Prostate gland. The prostate is a male gland that is found at the base of the urinary bladder. Its main role in the body is to provide a large amount of fluid into what finally becomes semen. Read more...
Makes semen fluid. The prostate gland is located at the outlet of the bladder. The urinary channel runs right through the middle of the prostate gland like a tunnel through the center of a mountain. The prostate gland's main function is to make semen. This fluid transports and nourishes sperm cells. The prostate plays an important role in male fertility. Read more...
Here are some... It is a gland right below/next to urinary bladder, which is known of secreting fluid to nurture sperms as well as acting like a gate guard for preventing UTI, and will increase in size as men age. More details? Ask doc timely. Best wishes... Read more...

What causes Enlarged prostate?

DHT. Testosterone is converted to an active form Dihydrotestosterone in the prostate tissue by an enzyme , 5 alpha reductase. It is postulated this process leads to or causes prostate hypertrophy. . Read more...

Help docs! I'm trying to find out what causes the prostate to enlarge?

Genes. We are talking dna genes, not designer jeans. Prostate growth seems to be more common in certain families, suggesting a genetic control factor of prostate growth. Studies have not shown specific dietary or other environmental factors conclusively causing prostate enlargement. So as they say, "pick your parents well.". Read more...

How to know what is benign prostate hypertrophy and what are the symptoms?

Obstructive Sx. BPH is a benign enlargement of the prostate glands that occurs in virtually all males as they age. If the lumen of the lower urinary tract is narrowed, obstructive voiding symptoms may develop. These include a weak stream, straining to void, hesitancy, stopping and starting, incomplete emptying, and dribbling among others. Read more...

What is a prostate biopsy and how is it performed?

Not too bad. Prostate biopsy involves a ultrasound of the prostate through the rectal wall, which allows a urologist to measure the prostate, place local, examine for abnormality and also guides from where the biopsies will be taken, usu 12-16. It can be done without sedation in 10-15min. Abx should be used to prevent severe infx. Common risks: blood (semen, urine, stool), prostatitis. Read more...
Office procedure. Usually done in the office, it is a probe inserted in the rectum to ultrasound your prostate. A nerve block is used to help with the pain. In about 5 minutes, your urologist will sample 10 -12 areas in a systematic fashion. Tissue is then sent to the pathologist for analysis. Read more...