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What are the treatments for infertility?

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In brief: Treatments for Infertility

Fertility treatments include hormonal treatment, surgical treatment and assisted reproduction.


Fertility treatments include hormonal treatment, surgical treatment and assisted reproduction.

1. Hormonal Treatment

For women, hormonal levels can be regulated through oral medication or injection to facilitate normal ovulation and improve the chance of conception.

2. Surgical Treatment

Infertility due to defects of the genital organs can be treated by corrective operations with regard to the circumstances.

Women who cannot conceive due to previous tubal ligation can go for a reversal surgery which reconnects the fallopian tubes severed or clamped by rings during ligation and restores their function, so that pregnancy may be attempted again.

3. Assisted Reproduction

The definition of assisted reproduction is very broad. In Hong Kong, it generally refers to procedures in which sperms and eggs are handled in the laboratory. It can be divided into two main types:

Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI)
A semen sample taken from the male partner is processed and concentrated in the laboratory, and then injected into the female uterus to fertilise the egg inside the fallopian tubes.

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
IVF, also known as 'test tube baby', is a procedure that involves retrieval of sperms and eggs from the man and the woman respectively, fertilisation and embryo development in the laboratory, followed by a transfer back to the uterus.

In brief: Treatments for Infertility

Fertility treatments include hormonal treatment, surgical treatment and assisted reproduction.


Fertility treatments include hormonal treatment, surgical treatment and assisted reproduction.

1. Hormonal Treatment

For women, hormonal levels can be regulated through oral medication or injection to facilitate normal ovulation and improve the chance of conception.

2. Surgical Treatment

Infertility due to defects of the genital organs can be treated by corrective operations with regard to the circumstances.

Women who cannot conceive due to previous tubal ligation can go for a reversal surgery which reconnects the fallopian tubes severed or clamped by rings during ligation and restores their function, so that pregnancy may be attempted again.

3. Assisted Reproduction

The definition of assisted reproduction is very broad. In Hong Kong, it generally refers to procedures in which sperms and eggs are handled in the laboratory. It can be divided into two main types:

Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI)
A semen sample taken from the male partner is processed and concentrated in the laboratory, and then injected into the female uterus to fertilise the egg inside the fallopian tubes.

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
IVF, also known as 'test tube baby', is a procedure that involves retrieval of sperms and eggs from the man and the woman respectively, fertilisation and embryo development in the laboratory, followed by a transfer back to the uterus.
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