What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis . Bones affected by osteoporosis are lighter and less dense than normal. They are also more likely to break, even as a result of a minor bump or fall, or even without an injury. Osteoporosis means porous bones.


Osteoporosis is around four times more common in women than men, and most common in women who have been through the menopause.


As well as bones such as the wrist or hip breaking more easily than usual, osteoporosis can result in small fractures of the bones in the spine. This can cause a curved back and a loss of height.


The inside of a bone consists of a strong mesh made of protein and minerals (particularly calcium). This mesh is living tissue that is constantly being renewed by a process called bone turnover. Old, worn out bone is broken down and absorbed by the body while, at the same time, new bone tissue is created from fresh protein and minerals. In children and young people, more new bone is created than is broken down. This makes bones both bigger and denser.


The bones are at their strongest when the peak bone mass is reached, and this usually occurs in a persons mid-twenties. Peak bone mass is then maintained for about ten years, with roughly equal amounts of bone creation and breakdown. After the age of about 35, bone loss begins to overtake creation. This is a natural aging process but with osteoporosis, the process happens much more quickly, leading to premature bone weakness.
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Related Questions

What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis ... Osteoporosis is a disease which decreases the density and quality of bones which can cause them to fracture more easily. Read more...

What causes osteoporosis?

Genetic factors. At age 31 genetic factors and estrogen deficiency would be the most likely causes. Less commonly cortisone or other steroids, anorexia, immobilization, and a variety of drugs such as blockers of stomach acid secretion and antidepressive agents may cause bone loss. Long term vitamin d deficiency may also be a factor. Read more...
Multiple factors. Osteoporosis is caused by a problem with your bone metabolism. Some of these metabolic factors include low testosterone, low Progesterone and low thyroid hormone. Low vitamin d, low protein diet and lack of excercise. Mineral deficiencies including calcium, boron, magnesium and silica. Immune sytem problems can also effect your bones.Immune stress increases cortisol and osteoclast activity. Read more...
Metabolic disease . Osteoporosis is a metabolic disease caused by lack of sunshine, poor quality diets (filled with junk food), lack of exercise, hormonal imbalances, immune system imbalances. Read more...
Bone remodeling . Hi. Bone remodeling is a process that goes on throughout life, where areas of micro-damage are resorbed and new, healthy bone is filled back in (formation). This bone resorption-formation cycle is mismatched after about age 30 (in women & men), so resorption exceeds formation, & bone mass is lost. Prednisone, menopause, hormonal calcium disorders, etc accelerate resorption. Fracture risk goes up. Read more...

What is osteoporosis risk at 80?

Possibly high. Obviously, a person at age 80, will have the potential for bone loss and a higher risk for osteoporosis. All people at 80 do not have osteoporosis, but i would suggest obtaining a dexa scan or bone denisty to see exactly what your bone density is. Read more...

What is osteoporosis? Who gets it?

Weak and brittle . Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle — so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses like bending over or coughing can cause a fracture. Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine. Women are more than ma, age the older you live the chance you have, sedentary lifestyle, excessive alcohol consumption, family history. Read more...
Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is demineralization (loss of calcium) of the bone. It comes in two types, osteopenia which is the condition of weakening bone which precedes osteoporosis. Risk factors include menopause, immobility, chronic steroid use, hyperparathyroidism, etc. Read more...

What is osteoporosis? How old do you have to be before it's possible?

Osteoporosis is. Thinning of bone making a patient more susceptile to bone fractures.We have seen patient develop early thinning called osteepenia and then osteoporosis in the 40's and 50's. When women reach menopause, 10 to 15% of total bone within the first year can be lost. Steroid use and other risk factors exist for earlier osteoporosis such as being white, thin, and have a family history. Read more...

What is osteoporosis and do people have it before they get hunchbacked?

Brittle bones. Osteoporosis is a loss of the density of mineralization of your bones, making them more brittle. Your bones break more easily as a result. People have it many years before they can get hunchbacked. Once they have gotten a hunchback deformity, they usually have multiple compression fractures of their spine. Also, not all people with osteoporosis get a hunchback. Many get hip or wrist fractures. Read more...

What causes osteoporosis (thinning of bone)?

Many things. Osteoporosis can be the result of low calcium, low Vitamin D, decreased bone production, increased bone turnover, disuse of a limb due to injury or pain, or other medical conditions such as hypothyroidism or kidney disease. Therefore, it is important to have osteoporosis evaluated with a physical and blood work so that the correct treatment can occur and prevent fractures. Read more...

What causes osteoporosis in a 28 yr old female? I got diagnosed after spinal fractures and docs have no idea y I have it please help

Check vit D3 level. Vitamin D3 levels are usually low since we avoid sun exposure. If you are of African-American decent, you will be even more at risk since your skin is even more efficient in blocking the sun. Read more...

What medications treat osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis. The list of therapies for osteoporosis is ling. You can find the list on the web. If your doctor has ordered a bone density study and used the result to prescribe a specific medication. If you have not had a bone density test you should not take any osteoporosis drug until you have had your bone density study. Read more...

Help, what system does osteoporosis affect?

The skeleton. Osteoporosis is a disease of decreased bone density that results in pain and increased risk of fracture. The causes of osteoporosis may be due to disorders of the kidneys, intestines, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, or pituitary gland. Other associated diseases are pagets, myelomo, cancer, myelodysplasia and autoimmune diseases. Osteoporosis is a result of these conditions, not the cause. Read more...