Any tips to prevent Zika Virus Infection?

Health Advice to prevent Zika virus infection. The incubation period is not clear, but is likely to be a few days to a week.

1. Wear loose, light-coloured, long-sleeved tops and trousers, and use DEET-containing insect repellent on exposed parts of the body and clothing;

2. Take additional preventive measures during outdoor activities:
• Avoid using fragrant cosmetics or skin care products;
• Re-apply insect repellents according to instructions;

3. Special notes when travelling abroad:

• If going to affected areas or countries, travellers, especially people with immune disorders or severe chronic illnesses, should arrange a consultation with a doctor at least six weeks before the journey, and follow extra preventive measures to avoid mosquito bites;
• During the trip, if travelling in endemic rural areas, carry a portable bed net and apply permethrin (an insecticide) on it. Permethrin should not be applied to the skin. Seek medical attention as early as possible if feeling unwell;
• Travellers who return from affected areas should apply mosquito repellent for 14 days after arrival to Hong Kong. Those feeling unwell e.g. running a fever, should seek medical advice as soon as possible and provide travel details to doctor;

4. Special notes for pregnant women and women preparing for pregnancy:

• Pregnant women should consider deferring their trip to areas with past or current evidence of ongoing Zika virus transmission. Those who must travel to any of these areas should seek medical advice from their doctor before the trip, strictly follow steps to avoid mosquito bites during the trip, and consult and reveal their travel history to their doctor if symptoms develop after the trip;
• Women preparing for pregnancy should also consult their doctor before travelling to these areas, strictly follow anti-mosquito precautions during the trip, and report to their doctor if feeling unwell after the trip

5. Special notes for prevention of sexual transmission:

If a female partner is at risk of getting pregnant, or is already pregnant, condom use is advised for a male traveller:
• for 28 days after his return from an active Zika transmission area if he had no symptoms of unexplained fever and rash; or
• for six months following recovery if a clinical illness compatible with Zika Virus Infection or laboratory confirmed Zika Virus Infection was reported.

Related Questions

Does being infected with the Zika virus once brings immunity from future infections? If infected again, will a person still be able to infect others?

Not yet known. To my knowledge, we don't yet have answers to these questions. Some mosquito borne viral infections confer lifelong immunity to reinfection, e.g. yellow fever. Others do not, e.g. dengue. In fact second episodes of dengue often are more serious than the first. Research is underway on Zika; keep your antennae up for new information. Excellent info available from CDC: Read more...
Confers immunity. According to the CDC, once a person has been infected with Zika, that person is likely to be protected from future Zika infections. As more research is underway, we are likely to have a broader understanding in the near future. For more information, visit Read more...

How do you prevent catching the Zika virus?

Travel, mosquitoes. Avoid travel to those parts of South America where infection is common. If necessary to travel there, very careful mosquito bite prevention: long sleeves and pants, preferably with clothing that has embedded mosquito repellents (available at outoor equipment and travel stores); plus compulsive use of effective insect repellents (active ingredient DEET or picaridin). As yet no worries in the US. Read more...
Avoid certain areas. Most importantly, avoid travel to areas designated by the CDC as high risk. You can find an updated list on the CDC website. If travel to one of these areas cannot be avoided, make sure to apply insect repellant frequently and to wear long sleeves and pants. Make sure all windows and doors have screens if they are to remain open. Get rid of standing water as this is where mosquitos breed. Read more...
Stop mosquitoes. By avoiding mosquito bites. A person can use bug repellents containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535, or synthetic oil of lemon eucalyptus. Bring repellent from home, due to a short supply in outbreak areas. Read more...