How can migraine be treated?

Treatment of migraine. (I) Over-the-counter medicines


Mild migraine attacks settle in a few hours. It’s best to rest in a quiet, darkened room, and take simple painkillers, such as paracetamol, aspirin or ibuprofen. Preparations containing the anti-sickness drug buclizine may help with any nausea and sickness.


(II) Prescription medicines


There are many prescription drugs available if these simple remedies don’t help. Drugs called metoclopramide and domperidone can stop nausea and vomiting. A combination of aspirin and metoclopramide is also now available, to help with pain and nausea. And the findings of a drug in trial called tolfenamic acid suggest that it is effective.


The triptan group of drugs work by correcting the serotonin imbalance. These are available as tablets, injections, nasal sprays or dissolvable wafers. But they should not be used after a heart attack or stroke, or in people who suffer from high blood pressure. Some people get side-effects from these drugs, such as dizziness, a feeling of pressure in the neck or chest area, nausea and vomiting.
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