What are the risks involved in hysteroscopy?

Risk of Hysteroscopy. Hysteroscopy is generally a safe procedure. For most people, the benefits in terms of having a clear diagnosis, or quick and effective treatment, are much greater than any disadvantages. However, all invasive medical procedures do carry some element of risk. This can be divided into the risk of side-effects and the risk of complications.
Side-effects
These are the unwanted, but mostly temporary, effects of a successful procedure. Examples of short-lived side-effects include feeling sick as a result of the general anaesthetic. You may also have some slight abdominal pain, similar to period pain, and there may be some vaginal bleeding for several days. Occasionally, bleeding and discharge continue for up to a month.
Complications
These are rarer than most side-effects and most women will not experience problems. The main possible complications of any invasive procedure are bleeding (during or soon after the procedure), infection, and an unexpected reaction to the anaesthetic.

Other complications are uncommon, but it is possible for the womb to be damaged or perforated during the procedure. This can lead to bleeding and infection, which may require treatment with medicines or surgery or, in an extreme case, a hysterectomy (removal of the womb).

The chance of complications depends on the exact type of procedure you are having and other factors such as your general health. You should ask your specialist to explain how these risks apply to you.

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