Can you get a bacterial infection in your throat that's not from strep?

Yes -plenty of germs. Doctors can test for Group A Strep -which is only one specific germ that can cause a throat infection (or pharyngitis if you want to be technical). Different viruses are also implicated (like mono, adenovirus, etc) but certainly other bacteria are on the list. Pertussis (Whooping cough) and diphtheria are two important ones. Then there are other Strep species, 'mixed' infections like abscesses etc.

Related Questions

I've had a bacterial infection in my throat since monday, and I only have some amoxicillin that expired last march (2012). Is it ok to take it? Thanks

No. You should never use expired medicine. And I am not sure you should be treating yourself. Why dont you give that burden to your doctor? He or she will gladly help. :). Read more...
Yes. Yes, assuming your infection really is bacterial. The more of the following symptoms you have, the more likely the infection is to be bacterial, but none of these symptoms is a perfect predictor by any means.: 1. Absence of cough. 2. Fever. 3. Enlarged, tender lymph nodes under the angle of the jaw. No worries about toxicity with expired amoxicillin. But you need a full course of this med. Read more...
No. No. Need to have your local doc reevaluate you. Read more...
No. Don't take leftover antibiotics. At best, they may not have any effectiveness (some lose effect after a certain amount of time). At worst, you may be increasing your chances of antibiotic resistance. Taking antibiotics when not indicated can cause them not to work well when you really do need them. Discard expired meds (safely!) and see your doctor if you think you need treatment. Read more...

Bacterial Infection, enlarged glans how worried should I be? No sore throat VERY SCARED (no insurance :/)

Sore throat. How do you know that you have a bacterial throat infection? Did you have a throat culture to prove it? If it's a strep throat infection, a simple course of penicillin or Erythromycin is effective. If it's a viral infection no specific treatment is needed as antibiotics are ineffective. Read more...

At night I have a sore throat only and no cough. During the day I have a moist cough but no sore throat. Could this still be a bacterial infection?

Probably not. Chronic cough like yours probably have other reasons. If you don't smoke, things like asthma, allergic rhinitis with post-nasal drip and acid reflux probably are more common than one would think. Read more...
None. none of what you are describing indicate a bacterial infection, actually it resemble more of allergy response. treat your symptoms with allergy medicine like zyrtec during the day and benadryl (diphenhydramine) at night.take OTC cough medicine like mucinex DM at least twice a day, with or without elixir like robitussin, or nyquill. stay well hydrated. Read more...