What short and long term affects are associated with cardiovascular disease?

Big subject. Heart: angina, heart attack, congestive heart failure, arrythmias carotid: tia, stroke, dementia legs: limited walking=claudication rest pain, gangrene, amputations veins: clots and pulmonary embolism and varicose veins disability and death prevention is worthwhile for dollars and life style, .
Heart diseae. It depends on what the disease is, there are lots of kinds and lots of specific subsets.