20 doctors weighed in:

What is diabetes?

20 doctors weighed in
Dr.
3 doctors agree

In brief: Diabetes

Diabetes when level of sugars are higher than normal.
It is of two kinds , type 1 and type 2. In type 1 diabetes there is not enough insulin in body , on the other hand in type 2 cells in body do not use insulin properly because they develop resistance to insulin . Obesity, waist circumference more than 80 cm in women and 94 in men, family history of diabetes increases risk of developing type 2 .

In brief: Diabetes

Diabetes when level of sugars are higher than normal.
It is of two kinds , type 1 and type 2. In type 1 diabetes there is not enough insulin in body , on the other hand in type 2 cells in body do not use insulin properly because they develop resistance to insulin . Obesity, waist circumference more than 80 cm in women and 94 in men, family history of diabetes increases risk of developing type 2 .
Dr.
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Dr. Gerardo Guerra Bonilla
Family Medicine
4 doctors agree

In brief: Diabetes type 2

Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common type of diabetes, and is characterized by variable degrees of insulin deficiency and resistance.
A fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and/or a glycated hemoglobin (A1C) are the preferred screening tests. The diagnosis of diabetes is confirmed if two consecutive A1C levels are ?6.5%, two consecutive FPG levels are >126 mg/dL, or if both are above the threshold.

In brief: Diabetes type 2

Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common type of diabetes, and is characterized by variable degrees of insulin deficiency and resistance.
A fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and/or a glycated hemoglobin (A1C) are the preferred screening tests. The diagnosis of diabetes is confirmed if two consecutive A1C levels are ?6.5%, two consecutive FPG levels are >126 mg/dL, or if both are above the threshold.
Dr. Gerardo Guerra Bonilla
Dr. Gerardo Guerra Bonilla
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2 comments
Dr. Ira Katz
I agree strongly with the above, it is important to note the high blood sugars cause most of the complications and used to diagnose the disease, the underlying problem is one of insulin deficiency (and other hormone deficiencies are now being discovered) or insulin resistance and these are the targets of treatment. Insulin resistance itself is associated with other medical problems.
Dr. Michael Kleerekoper
That's OK but we should all begin to help patients with DM2 to totally rid the patient of diabetes. Doesn't happen quickly but must have nurse practitioners take control. Yes, as an Endocrinologist I work towards this.
Dr. Shahruq Sarela
Internal Medicine
4 doctors agree

In brief: Diabetes

Diabetes is essentially the lack of production of insulin or reduction in insulin.
Without insulin secreted from the pancreas there is no way to move sugar into cells, and this sugar lingers in the blood stream. At high levels in the blood it can be damaging to organs, nerves, the eyes. See the ADA website for way thorough details.

In brief: Diabetes

Diabetes is essentially the lack of production of insulin or reduction in insulin.
Without insulin secreted from the pancreas there is no way to move sugar into cells, and this sugar lingers in the blood stream. At high levels in the blood it can be damaging to organs, nerves, the eyes. See the ADA website for way thorough details.
Dr. Shahruq Sarela
Dr. Shahruq Sarela
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1 comment
Dr. Atul Singh
Type 2 DM can be due to resistance in the effect of insulin.
Dr. Michael Kleerekoper
Internal Medicine - Endocrinology
2 doctors agree

In brief: Diabetes

Diabetes is a clinical disorder that has a bad effect on your blood sugar.
Please go online and read a few articles about diabetes. If after reading this you think you might have diabetes please see your doctor. Do not delay!

In brief: Diabetes

Diabetes is a clinical disorder that has a bad effect on your blood sugar.
Please go online and read a few articles about diabetes. If after reading this you think you might have diabetes please see your doctor. Do not delay!
Dr. Michael Kleerekoper
Dr. Michael Kleerekoper
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Dr. Ira Katz
Internal Medicine - Endocrinology
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Insulin-BS imbalance

DM is dx'd when BS values reach certain thresholds, fasting >125 mg/dl, random >200 with sx's an A1c>6.
5% or abn gluc tol test. All should be confirmed. Also, obvious high blood sugars w sx's. Most of the complications are from damage from the high sugar. BUT, DM is technically one of insulin deficiency (not enough to control sugar) or resistance (doesn't work well). These can also cause problems.

In brief: Insulin-BS imbalance

DM is dx'd when BS values reach certain thresholds, fasting >125 mg/dl, random >200 with sx's an A1c>6.
5% or abn gluc tol test. All should be confirmed. Also, obvious high blood sugars w sx's. Most of the complications are from damage from the high sugar. BUT, DM is technically one of insulin deficiency (not enough to control sugar) or resistance (doesn't work well). These can also cause problems.
Dr. Ira Katz
Dr. Ira Katz
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Dr. Mani Bashyam
Internal Medicine - Diabetology
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Chronic condition

In which glucose metabolism is impaired due to No Insulin production as in Type 1Diabetes (5%) or ineffective insulin action (insulin resistance) and later decreased production as in Type 2 Diabetes (95%)

In brief: Chronic condition

In which glucose metabolism is impaired due to No Insulin production as in Type 1Diabetes (5%) or ineffective insulin action (insulin resistance) and later decreased production as in Type 2 Diabetes (95%)
Dr. Mani Bashyam
Dr. Mani Bashyam
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Dr. Susan Wingo
Internal Medicine - Endocrinology
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Can't Control Sugar

Diabetes occurs when the body can no longer keep sugar levels in the blood normal.
Insulin is the key hormone for controlling sugar levels. Diabetes can be due to the inability to make insulin (Type 1) or the failure of the body to respond normally to insulin (Type 2). If sugars remain uncontrolled, diabetes can cause blindness, kidney failure, leg amputations, strokes, & heart attacks.

In brief: Can't Control Sugar

Diabetes occurs when the body can no longer keep sugar levels in the blood normal.
Insulin is the key hormone for controlling sugar levels. Diabetes can be due to the inability to make insulin (Type 1) or the failure of the body to respond normally to insulin (Type 2). If sugars remain uncontrolled, diabetes can cause blindness, kidney failure, leg amputations, strokes, & heart attacks.
Dr. Susan Wingo
Dr. Susan Wingo
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2 comments
Dr. Susan Wingo
PS - It's very important to know if you have diabetes, because most of these complications can be prevented with good treatment!
Dr. Michael Kleerekoper
Your comments are on target but I strongly recommend that persons such as this should go online and read as many articles as possible about diabetes.
2 doctors agree

In brief: Sugar intolerance

almost everything we eat, breaks down into 'sugar' inside our bodies.
Our bodies NEED sugar for energy, but people with diabetes do not have INSULIN, which lets the sugar into the cells. INSULIN is like a 'key' that let's sugars come inside cells of your body, so the sugar can be turned into ENERGY for your cells/bodies. Diabetes does not let your bodies use the sugar.

In brief: Sugar intolerance

almost everything we eat, breaks down into 'sugar' inside our bodies.
Our bodies NEED sugar for energy, but people with diabetes do not have INSULIN, which lets the sugar into the cells. INSULIN is like a 'key' that let's sugars come inside cells of your body, so the sugar can be turned into ENERGY for your cells/bodies. Diabetes does not let your bodies use the sugar.
Dr. Fernando Juliao
Dr. Fernando Juliao
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1 comment
Dr. Michael Kleerekoper
Agreed, but the person should be advised to go online to learn as much as possible about diabetes.
Dr. James Ferguson
Pediatrics
1 doctor agrees

In brief: RUNNING THRU U

The word actually means running through.
In those with diabetes mellitis it refers to a condition where the level of glucose in the blood exceeds the kidneys ability to reclaim it as it filters the blood. Diabetes insipidis is a condition where the kidney cannot hold on to water as it passes through. The causes of either condition vary.Please be more specific if you want a specific answer.

In brief: RUNNING THRU U

The word actually means running through.
In those with diabetes mellitis it refers to a condition where the level of glucose in the blood exceeds the kidneys ability to reclaim it as it filters the blood. Diabetes insipidis is a condition where the kidney cannot hold on to water as it passes through. The causes of either condition vary.Please be more specific if you want a specific answer.
Dr. James Ferguson
Dr. James Ferguson
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1 comment
Dr. Michael Kleerekoper
The most specific answer will come when the patient goes online and reads some of the articles about DM and DI.
Dr. Ron Jones
Family Medicine

In brief: Sorry

I cannot explain this in 400 characters.
You can do a HealthTap Virtual Consult (www.healthtap.com/DrJones - Virtual Consult Code: YACZAZ) or visit this link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diabetes_mellitus

In brief: Sorry

I cannot explain this in 400 characters.
You can do a HealthTap Virtual Consult (www.healthtap.com/DrJones - Virtual Consult Code: YACZAZ) or visit this link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diabetes_mellitus
Dr. Ron Jones
Dr. Ron Jones
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