I had surgery on a broken jaw with removal of 2 wisdom teeth on that side with a metal plate 8 days ago. Can I eat pasta?

Ask your surgeon. What you can eat all depends on what kind of fracture you had repaired. Sometimes you can eat soft food right away and sometimes you need to only have liquids for a while. Ask you surgeon what is appropriate.
Probably not. You should stick with the diet your surgeon gave you. If they made incisions in the mouth, they will usually have you on a "full liquid" diet for awhile. Once you are cleared for a "soft" diet, consider this to include things you could eat with no teeth (e.g.: mashed potatoes), i.e. Things that do not require chewing.