What is a herniated disc?

Herniated Disk. The bones (vertebrae) that form the spine in your back are cushioned by small, spongy discs. When these discs are healthy, they act as shock absorbers for the spine and keep the spine flexible. But when a disc is damaged, it may bulge or break open. This is called a herniated disc. It may also be called a slipped or ruptured disc.
Short answer. A disc consists of 2 parts, a hard outer ring and a soft center referred to as the nucleus pulposus. A ruptured disc means the nucleus pulposus has extruded through the hard outer ring.

Related Questions

What causes a herniated disc bad?

Most commonly. it is a result of usual degenerative process. Where slowly the turgor of the disc is slowly lost, due to decrease in the amount of hydration in the disc. This results in disc space to lose height, then bulge out, which puts extra stress on the disc covering (annulus), which can slowly have cracks through it, and then the disc within will make its way out through the annulus, and herniate. Read more...
Herniated disc. An interesting question and many answers but in short the disc will herniated if too much pressure is placed on it such as in trauma. The other cause is extensive wear and tear on the spine leading to disc degeneration and weakness in the ligament around it leading to it to herniate - plus a number of of less likely causes. Read more...
Pressure and. Movements of the spine. Generally speaking the more you twisting and bend at the waist while holding a heavy object the more likely you will result in a bulging or herniated disc due to the pressure inflicted on the area of the spine. Read more...

What can prevent herniated disc?

Proper lifting. One can minimize their risk of a herniated disc by always lifting properly (bending the knees, keeping the back straight, and keeping the object close to the body), and by keeping the back strong. See my health guide on back strengthening exercises. Read more...
Core Exercises. Typically core strengthening exercises are the best to help relieve pressure and forces in the spine. I would try and google some or look them up on youtube to see descriptions. If you can do them yourself, wonderful otherwise ask your doctor to get a referral to a good physical therapist for further assistance. Read more...

What causes bulging or herniated disc?

Aging, injury. Disc bulges are normal variants & not an issue that should cause a problem. This occurs with disc loading as well. A disc herniation is an actual disruption of the disc's coating layers allowing disc material to move out of a normal position. This is a more frequent finding as we age as the disc degenerates which is accelerated by obesity & smoking. Overloading a disc's weight capacity=herniation. Read more...

What to tell me about herniated disc surgery?

Indications. If you have a herniated disc pushing on a nerve with legs symptoms, and you have failed nsaids, pt, epidural injections, with symptoms continuing greater than 6-12 weeks, then surgery may be recommended to remove portion of the disc outside of the disc space, and by so doing remove the structure pushing on the nerve. Various minimally invasive approaches are available for this type of surgery. Read more...

What can help for pain from herniated disc?

Physical therapy. Do you have back pain or does the pain radiate down to the legs? Physical therapy can help. There are also medicines to help with back pain, neuropathic pain- have you used any medicines in the past? Read more...
NSAID's and P.T. Avoid activities that provoke the pain; sitting is commonly a problem. Anti-inflammatory medication or a brief course of steroids may be helpful. Physical therapy may be helpful. Epidural steroid injections are commonly used and may provide temporary relief, but they are expensive and rarely provide a definitive treatment. Read more...

Can you tell me what do you do for a herniated disc in your back?

Careful exercise. Start by avoiding prolonged positioning ; repetitive twist/bend maneuvers. If had physical therapy, resume exercises. Use of otc medication will help control symptoms. Cardio workouts may help except for rowing ; maybe running. If did not have pt, may want to get a session to learn exercises. Weight control ; not smoking are key. Time is biggest healer-90% better without surgery. Read more...

What is the treatment for a herniated disc?

Varies. If just an incidental finding on a study with no symptoms, no treatment. For most others with symptoms, time is the best healer. Other treatment ranges from activity modification, medication, exercise, physical therapy, epidural steroid injections & where needed, lifestyle changes such as weight control & smoking cessation. 10% go onto surgery. There are few times when it is a surgical emergency. Read more...
Depends. If you've done the physical therapy and no relief, then injections like epidural steroid injections or facet joint injections may be the next treatment options. There is growing evidence that stem cell therapies can also be helpful and heal tissues but are not covered by insurance at this time. Read more...