Epidural. Epidural is by far the most common type of epidural and is probably most effective. There is paracervical block used, but it has been shown to affect fetal heart rate. Pudendal block only numbs the perineum, but is ineffective to help the contraction pain. Intrathecal anasthesia is similar to epidural but is used rarely when epidural cannot be placed, primarily close to delivery.
Several. Intrathecal, saddle block, paracervical, epidural , caudal, i.V sedation, im shots. See dr p.C. Answer intra thecal is secodn most often used as it only lasts a few hours epidurals can last as long as it takes to deliver.
Epidural. Women can opt for no anesthesia/analgesia for labor (we've survived for thousands of years without it), IV pain medications, or an epidural. Most all women these days choose an epidural to drastically decrease labor and delivery pain. Pain is not always completely eliminated with an epidural, but often is great for rest and comfort. Iv pain medicine can be given early, but avoided late in labor.
Regional anesthesia. 1) one shot spinal anesthesia.2) combination of spinal and epidural anesthesia 3) Epidural Anesthesia 4) Patient Control Analgesia ( PCA) . Most common practice is epidural anesthesia because it very effective, can be adjusted to the level of pain of different stages of labor and can be converted to regional anesthesia for C/S if needed.
Multiple. Pain relief for labor can either be achieved with intravenous drugs, or, more commonly, with local anesthetic drugs administered (sometime with narcotic analgesics), often given via a spinal injection or with an epidural pump. Local nerves can also be blocked with local anesthetic, and patients may even breath a mix of nitrous oxide and oxygen for relief.
Epidurals and IV med. Usually, labor pain is managed by the use of epidural analgesia. This involves placing a very thin catheter into the epidural space and infusing a dilute solution of local anesthesia into that catheter. This provides excellent pain relief for most of labor. At the time of delivery it may sometimes be necessary to add extra medication to the epidural catheter.