What type of food allergy test is more accurate?

Neither. Skin testing and blood test (serum specific ige) have different sensitivities and specificities. Either or both must be interpretted in light of the clinical picture. Frequently, patients with positive tests are not allergic and an oral challenge under the supervision of a board certified allergist familiar with oral challenges and treatment of anaphylaxis is needed.
Scratch and patch. Scratch and patch testing are currently the gold standards for allergy testing. The results need to be correlated with symptoms and properly interpreted by a qualified physician.
"double blind" Double blind challenge is most accurate = the gold standard. But skin testing is very accurate as well. Blood tests are helpful in some cases.
A food challenge. Although most food allergies are diagnosed by taking a good history of the reaction and performing an allergy skin test in the office, it is possible to have a positive skin test and but not be allergic to the food. The definitive evaluation of food allergy is by carefully administering small amounts of the food in an allergy office in a monitored setting.
Blood test. The skin test is more sensitive -- so there is less chance of you missing a real allergy. The blood test is more accurate, but it comes at a price of potentially missing a relevant allergy. Using both tests in combination with a clinical history will give you the best sensitivity and accuracy.
Depends... For immediate, ige, mediated reactions, the gold standard is percutaneous (prick) skin testing. Serum rast testing which quantifies the amount of the ige is also useful but not as sensitive as percutaneous testing. Patch testing is reserved for specific conditions such as eosinophilic esophagitis and is used to detect delayed, cell-mediated food hypersensitivity. This test has a low sensitivity.

Related Questions

What type of food allergy shows as redness around the corners of the mouth? I have had this for years and recently went on a fast and it hasn't showed up yet, so I'm guessing it has to be a food allergy.

Would. Would see a doctor when this is present to determine if it is food related or due to a lack of something.
Sight. Sight unseen, from your description, it sounds like it may be angular chelitis. So many different causes, should be diagnosed and treated by a trusted health care professional near your area.

Can I go for food allergy test if I am on cortisone?

Food allergy. Cortisone will limit the responsiveness of your immune system but food allergy tests through blood IG levels will still be accurate.
Depends. It depends on which type of food allergy testing your doctor is ordered. There are 2 types of food allergy test allergist like us do. Ige mediated food allergy (but not igg because igg food test is unproven) can be done by skin prick test or blood test, which is not interfered by cortisone. However cortisone will interfere with food patch test, which test cell mediated food allergy.

What is the best food allergy test?

Best test food aller. There is no best test for food allergy in my humble opinion, and I am not an allergist. But having said that to diagnose food allergy, you need to take detailed history of suspected foods by parents keeping a food diary to narrow down the food which are symptomatic, skin testing and/or blood test to check the ige antibodies to those foods. Positive skin reaction or blood test alone is not good enough.
Skin Prick Testing. Food allergies are diagnosed first by getting a detailed clinical history of reaction. If history is concerning then skin prick testing and/or serum IgE testing to concerning foods will be drawn. Skin prick testing usually done first followed by serum testing to follow sensitivity over time. Prick to prick testing with actual food is also helpful to help clarify risk. See Allergist for details.

To find out what foods I can eat do I have to do a separate set of food allergy test or with the 1st test.

Food allergy. There are all kinds of food allergy panels that can be done at once, but are you sure you have a food allergy? Do you reliably get the same symptoms each time with eating a particular food? Rash? Swelling? Wheezing?
See Allergist. Blood tests for food allergy are notoriously difficult to interpret (and often misinterpreted) without substantial information about your food history. Do not eliminate foods from your diet that you have been tolerating based solely on the blood test. If possible, skin testing and oral food challenges need to be incorporated into a complete work up. In short, discuss with an Allergist.

We are trying to do the food allergy test on my 6 month old but he won't eat any of the vegetables we've tried. What do I do?

Keep trying. A 6 month old really does not know what they like and dislike. Some children do not take to certain foods, while others seem to take to all of them. One technique is to give the child the same food for a week. In particular, try the vegetables first, and avoid the fruits, as they are much sweeter.
Plan B. There are various ways to get information on food alllergies for your child. Bloodwork can provide suggestion of food allerrgies. Skin tests, though uncomfortable, provide added info. The food challange is by far the most reliable of the three but requires babies cooperation. I generally don't food test kids this young unless they have eczema, chronic nasal drainage & infections etc.

How many food allergies can be detected by a skin allergy test?

Be cautious. Skin testing is a minor adjunct to the clinical history. Some people test positive for lots of different foods and restrict themselves unnecessarily. The same applies for bloodwork. I would be very cautious before basing decisions on these tests. Your allergist will tell you the same.
Unlimited, but... There are many (>100) foods available, but as it turns out, the vast majority of patients are allergic to a limited number. The "top 8" foods are cow's milk, hen's egg, wheat, soy, peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish. Screening for dozens of random foods rarely is helpful and may lead to an overly restricted diet. Review your story with the ordering provider and tailor accordingly.

Hello. My allergist told me that based on the symptoms I've experienced due to food allergies that it's not safe for me to do a food allergy test. I'm devastated because I was hoping for the test to provide some sort of confirmation because I'm at a place

Better be safe. If you are sure of a certain food causing symptoms, and if the symptoms are severe enough, you just need to avoid such food, you don't even need a confirmatory allergy test, let alone a challenge test, listen to your allergist, avoid the trigger, keep epinephrine injection and antihistaminic handy, good luck.
Try blood test. Although blood test (ImmunoCap IgE) for food allergy may not be as sensitive to skin test, the results are more specific. In your case, I think blood tests should be obtained first and skin test to follow if blood test turns out to be negative. In double-blind food challenges, many presumed food allergies turned out to be false. Avoiding too many foods may lead to nutritional deficiency.

Why do I constantly sting all over and I've had food allergy test come back negative?

Sting? Maybe it isn't food allergies that are causing this stinging sensation. Have you seen a dermatologist or discussed other possible causes with your primary care provider?

Why is anaphylaxis a severe fear to people who had never experienced it from food and a common food allergy test was neg?!

Phobia. One can develop a phobia to anything -- and you've said in previous questions ; comments that this is the case with you. Phobias can range in intensity. The underlying (unconscious) process of "how" or "why" your mind creates a particular phobia depends on many things: your anxiety level, environmental influences, etc. Help is available with a good psychologist who can work with you. Best wishes.