It depends on Stage. Your doctor will advise you on this question. But there are typically tests to confirm a growth in the breast...This is done with a mammogram and sometimes an ultrasound and occasionally with a MRI scan of the breast. In more advanced tumors x-rays of the body (ct scan or pet scan) may also be done if there is suspicion of stage 3 or 4 cancer.
First there's the. Lump, then the exam by the doctors, mammogram, ultrasound, and biopsy. If your breasts are dense, MRI may be indicated. If they are not, MRI likely should not be done and finds some things that lead to wild goos chases.
My relative has metastatic breast cancer, going through the final stages. Is it advisable for her daughter to undergo tests? Is cancer hereditary?
Need More Info. As many as 10-15% of breast cancers in the us are believed to be hereditary. These are linked to mutations of a particular group of genes called the brca genes. There is a simple blood test to check to see if someone has a brca mutation. If your relative was diagnosed at an early age and/or there are other family members w/breast or ovarian cancer, it may be appropriate for your relative.
Yes, some forms of. Breast cancer are hereditary. It's best to ask your relative's doctor what if she had the genetic type of breast cancer. If your relative got it at a fairly young age, it is definitely advisable for her daughter to get genetic testing.
Should I get the brac 1-2 test? I'm 55. My mom was 48 when she first was diagnosed with breast cancer that was 32 years ago.
Maybe. If your mother is still alive (i realize she would be 80), she would be a candidate for testing if there is more family history of cancer, if the family history is unknown, or if she was triple negative (which you could not have been known 32 years ago). If she is no longer with you, i'd advise you gather all the family history you can (positive or not) and visit a specialist in inherited cancer.
See a counselor. You should speak with a genetic counselor to assess your risk.
Diagnosed with breast cancer in the fall. Partial mas. In oct & 1/2 through radiation. Armpit just strarted swelling, hurting & chest pain. Worry?
See your doctor. It would be best for you to see your oncologist as soon as possible about this problem. It is common for some swelling to occur during radiation. However, it would be best to bring it up with your treatment team at your next appointment.
See your surgeon. It is very common to develop swelling in the chest and armpit following breast cancer surgery and radiation therapy. While this may just be "normal changes", it could be lymphedema. In this situation, it is best to return to your breast surgeon so that he/she can examine you. If it is lymphedema, physical therapy will be recommended. I hope this helps.
Don't worry. Definitely see your surgeon and your rad onc. But I'm not too worried. This is not breast cancer returning. It's most likely side effects from radiation + your surgery. Many patients have breast/armpit swelling and pain during radiation. I agree with dr. Rosen that lymphedema could be developing. Another possibility is infection. Make sure your rad onc examines you at your next visit!
Need Physical. Talk to your radiation oncologist, it may all be due to the side effects of radiation. A physical exam is in order to make sure there are no signs of an infection.
Lymphedema. You could be experiencing lymphedema. Radiation is a risk factor for the development of lymphedema after surgery. I recommend you speak with your radiation oncologist and surgeon. You should be evaluated by a lymphedema specialist/physical therapy clinic.
36 year-old woman whose mother was diagnosed with breast cancer at age 34 and a PALB2 mutation wonders if mastectomy is needed to lower her risk.....?
You need testing. If your mother was a BRCA carrier then it is important that you get tested. Since you know that she has a PLAB2 mutation then your testing can even be more precise. If you are a carrier then see an experienced breast surgeon. They can calculate your lifetime risk as well as your 5 year risk to help you make your decisions regarding mastectomy and ovary removal.
You are doing fine. You are already under good supervision which includes proper genetic counseling in terms of future testing or any active intervention. Annual breast physical examination along with annual MRI of both breasts to screen for early breast cancer would be adequate in my view. I do not recommend risk reduction mastectomy except in folks with BRCA mutation. You should complete your family (have children, if desired, before the age of 40 years).
Higher risk but not like BRCA. I am glad that you are seeing a GC as this area is evolving rapidly. PALB2 is a high-risk mutation but its risk is dependent on your family history and age. Your risk of lifetime breast cancer will be significantly higher than the average population (estimated 30-35% versus 12%). This is less than BRCA which is as high as 60-80%. Thus, bilateral mastectomy is a choice and not as strongly rec for PALB2. Surveillance should follow high-risk guidelines including MRI.
Close supervision. Www. Breastcancer. Org http://www. Nejm. Org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1400382? query=featured_home& By age 50 y/o 14 % of women with PALB2 mutation will have been diagnosed with, not died of, breast cancer, by 70 y/o that number is 35 %. A 34 y/o today is 14 and 36 years, respectively, away from those targets. We will have better diagnostic tools and better treatment by then. No data exists, whether women with prophylactic mastectomy do better. Advice: Close observation with MRI (not mammogram: radiation) and ideally follow up at a cancer center that takes care of other women with PALB2 mutation.
Is an option. This is a complicated issue and personal choice. There should be a percentage risk that you'd develop cancer and that would help to direct you. If it's, say, 80%, I would seriously consider removal. The options really include bilateral mastectomy vs. Close surveillance, which should include MRI of the breast, breast exams and mammograms on more frequent basis than yearly, which it seems you're doing now.
Woud Work. With a mutation and a family history of breast cancer, having a bilateral prophylactic mastectomy would definitely lower the risk. The big question is how much risk would it lower and is it NEEDED? The needed is a question you will have to answer after you have discussed it and all your risks with your surgeon. Definitely would decrease the risk, but without full history, hard to say is needed.
Breast cancer.. This a complex question that is more appropriate for a direct face to face discussion. There are a number options that are valid. But for starters you need to get tested.
Stop all medications. Sorry that you have unusual unknown forms of metabolic, immune genetic defect No-one knows too much of it you can only save yourself by cut out all the meds. " If u don't take, you don't die--then don't take" especially the nutritional supplements like vitamin E, omega3 etc and immune suppressants they feed cancer cells before feed regular cells must have very healthy life style and don't respond to stress, stay happy do breast self exam and MRI instead X-ray worthless good luck.
It depends. The genetic councilor should be able to tell the chance of you having breast cancer in the future based on your entire family tree and the exact type of mutation. It would probably be around 40-60%. Higher screening is an acceptable option if you can get it regularly enough and be aggressive as soon as it is found. It is a difficult decision to make. There is also, anti-hormonal therapy that would reduce your risk of breast cancer. I would make the decision based on your lifestyle an access to healthcare. If you can have adequate and reliable follow ups then may be do that. If you are too nervous about it, then have the mastectomy. It is a difficult decision to make and needs to be tailored to you personally.
No! Although the PALB2 mutation increases risk, preventive mastectomy is not recommended. There are other ways to decrease your risk including taking raloxifene or tamoxifen. See a medical oncologist to discuss this (and a genetic counselor!)
Need more info. Would need to have much more information on the type & stage of breast cancer. All this information helps the medical oncologist work with the patient to determine what treatments are most likely to be needed, helpful & successful. You need to discuss this with your oncologist.
Maybe. As with most other cancers, it depends on many factors but it would be safe to say that in certain situations, chemo is an integral part of the treatment for breast cancer. You need to talk to an oncogist about it. The goals of therapy should justify the potential toxicity. Best regards.
I'm just wondering, if you opt out for chemotherapy for breast cancer what is the process you go through?
Not sure if 'opt. Out' means 'refuse' or 'decide to stop'. Either is a serious decision that requires discussion with 1 or more medical oncologists. The 'oncotype' process defines benefit and risk of chemo in some. However, depending on many factors (size, nodal status, receptors), the consequences vary. Perfect for second or third opinion.
Yes. Since radiation is only affecting the area being treated, the breast, there is no concern or impact one's ability to get pregnant during this treatment. If you have received chemotherapy prior your fertility could be impacted. However, since you are fertile and your ovarian and uterine function should be unaffected, if you are sexually active you need to continue the same behavior as before xrt.
Yes. If you are sexually active, you can get pregnant.
Breast Biopsy. A definitive diagnosis of cancer can only be reached by looking at tissue under the microscope. Most breast cancers are found at the time of routine yearly mammograms or by palpation of a lump on self-examination or routine physician visit. If an abnormality is found that warrants biopsy, this can usually be done non-surgically.
Biopsy. Clinical examination of the breast, digital mammogram, sonogram of the breast or MRI of the breast, biopsy of the lesion are all important in making a diagnosis of breast cancer. Sometimes, just part of them is needed, sometimes all of them are needed to be done. However, biopsy of the lesion/lump is the only thing that can give a definitive answer whether a lump is malignant or benign.
Biopsy. Diagnosis is made through a biopsy that is either performed through the skin with a needle or by a surgical procedure.