What is a pilonidal cyst?

Cyst on tailbone. A pilonidal cyst is a cyst that develops in the midline of the tailbone near the cleft of the buttocks. The most accepted theory for the cause of these cysts is the blockage of hair follicles in the skin of the area which creates "pits" in the cleft of the buttocks. As the follicles become clogged with hair and skin debris, cyst formation occurs.
Nest of hair.. An abscess or chronic infection usually at the top of the crease between your buttocks. Excision would be removal of this collection.
Nest of Hair. Pilus literally is the latin word for nest. It is a nest of hair in the gluteal cleft. 79, 000 soldiers had this disease during world war ii. It was considered the jeep drivers' disease form impaction of hair while driving jeeps.
A congenital cyst. A pilonidal cyst is a congenital subcutaneous cyst in the buttock area that can get infected and become an abscess treated by incision and drainage or excision.

Related Questions

What is a pilonidal cyst excision?

Removal. Entire cyst had to be cut out. If the area us too large, sometimes, it will have to left open and a "wound vac" applied. Ur surgeon will discuss this with u.
Removes infection. Pilonidal disease is from a nest of hair in the gluteal cleft. Long story short, until that nest is completely removed you can not be cured. Pilonidal excision is aimed at completely removing the nest of hair to allow for cure.
Nest of hair.. An abscess or chronic infection usually at the top of the crease between your buttocks. Excision would be removal of this collection.
See below. A pilonidal cyst is an abnormal pocket in the skin that usually contains hair and skin debris. Pilonidal cysts usually occur when hair punctures the skin and then becomes embedded. If a pilonidal cyst becomes infected, the resulting abscess is often extremely painful. The cyst can be drained through an incision or removed surgically.

What should I do about pilonidal cyst?

See doctor. Pilonidal cyst can often be managed with local care- shaving hair in the area, occasional antibiotics if redness and swelling occur. Cysts with relatively few symptoms can "burn out" by age 40 or so; it is rare to see folks over 40 with pilonidal cyst symptoms! However, your doctor can help you determine what treatment is most appropriate for your situation.
Surgery. There are numerous surgeries available. See a surgeon to discuss options.

What to do about my pilonidal cyst if is grown bigger this year?

See doctor for help. If the cyst is enlarging, you may wish to consider an elective cyst excision. As it gets bigger, the surgery to remove it is more extensive, and the potential compications also increase.

What is causing an oozing pilonidal cyst?

Need to see MD. When there is ozzing there is a possibility that you may have an infection which may need to be treated. If you have recurrent problems then you may need surgery. If you have fever or not feeling well you should seek attention as soon as possible.
Infection. It may have an active infection that is simply draining. You should really see a doctor if this is the case.

What could cause complications with pilonidal cyst three years after surgery?

Recurrence. Pilonidal conditions can have a relatively high risk of recurrence or coming back after surgery or other treatments. Depends on what surgery was done previously. See a doctor to find if there is minor treatment options or if surgery may be needed again.
Recurrence. Recurrence after pilonidal surgery is not uncommon. It is a known problem with every surgery available for it.

What specialty can help treat pilonidal cyst? Is drainage/packing painful/necessary? How long does it take to recover, i.E sit on chair, etc?

A surgeon. Can remove the cyst in many cases. Any doctor can i;d it.
General surgeon. A pilonidal cyst is usually treated by a general surgeon. If there is a major infection, drainage and packing may be necessary but a full excision with primary closure is often required to completely solve the problem. After drainage, the pain is usually relieved enough immediately to allow sitting. After excision and closure, it may be 2 or 3 weeks before sitting is comfortable.
A General Surgeon. General surgeons treat most pilonidal cysts, especially complicated or recurrent cases. The treatment will depend on the size of your cyst, but complete excision is key to cure. Recovery is one to three weeks, but depends on the details of your case.
General Surgery. Generally treats a pilonidal cyst. It is numbed up well before drained or packed. Sometimes done under general anesthesia so you feel nothing. The problem with simple drainage and packing is that they come back. Better to get the job done right the first time. Then it really does not hurt much and once stitches are out in about 2 weeks you are basically home free with no more pain.