Examination. Any disease, including heart valve disease needs a physician with expertise to take a full history and complete a thorough examination. This is helpful in the majority of the time to provide a diagnosis. Once completed, the physician can perform echocardiography (ultrasound) to assess the valves. Often a specialized ultrasound technique--transesophageal echocardiography may be needed.
Confused. Why would cardiologist be asking this question?
Echocardiography. Echocardiography which is an ultrasound study is the best way to evaluate most valvular abnormalities.
TEE. A transesophageal echocardiogram and surface echocardiogram, and cardiac catheterization.
Valve problems. Your heart has valves that control flow between different parts. Different types of conditions can affect those valves, damage their structure and affect their function. When the valves don't work properly, it can put stress on the heart/body and lead to further problems key question to ask your docs, which valve, and what kind of disease is it.
Various. There are 4 valves in the heart which keep the blood moving in one direction. These valves can either leak or become narrowed. This may be the result of a valve which is structurally abnormal at birth or a valve which is damaged from infection, heart attack, rheumatic fever, or other illness.
There are many kinds. Heart valves are structures in the heart that open to let blood pass and then close, for example between beats, to keep blood moving in the right direction. There are many kinds of valve disease, including calcified, narrow or leaky valves. These problems are mostly mild and don't cause problems, but can cause chest pain, breathing trouble, or heart failure, and may need to be treated or fixed.
Leak or narrowing. Need cardiology evaluation to know its severity.
Stenosis or leaking. Of a heart valve. These conditions are typically graded as mild, moderate or severe and diagnosed my echocardiogram.
Depends. Heart valve abnormalities range from the trivial to the severely disabling. If the valve problem prevents the heart from putting out as much blood as you need to do the things you want to do, you'll know it, and hopefully have 21st century treatment available for you. Simply having an abnormal valve doesn't entitle anybody to any disability money. I wish you good luck and good health.
Depends On Condition. Depending on your heart valve disease condition, the following could be treatments for you: monitoring, medications, balloon valvotomy and/or surgery. Of course all treatments should have regular follow-ups with your doctor.
Many ways. It really depends on the severity of the valve disase and which valve is involved. This can range from medical treatment to surgery. With surgery the valve could potentially be repaired or replaced. In a subset of patients this can be approached thru mini insicions. With a small group of very high risk patients the aortic valve can be treated with a new type of valve stent called tavi or tavr.
Several ways. Some need only medical management, while others need repair or replacement. Traditional valve surgery has been a open procedure (true open heart surgery) but now we have per cutaneous means for treating some. This allows the treatment of many more patients. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (tavr) has proven especially good in high risk patients. Talk to your surgeon and cardiologist!
Usually Elderly. Usually patients 75 years of age and older are more likely to get heart valve disease. Patients with a history of infective endocarditis, heart attacks, heart failure and/or rheumatic fever are also or more likely to develop heart valve disease.
It depends. There are so many causes of valve disease. In the past strep infections like strep throat was the most common cause but with antibiotics this has become rare in the us. There are congential causes of valve disease the most common is a 2 leaflet aortic valve (bicuspid). Getting older and wear and tear can result in valve disease. And infection called endocarditis is another cause.