What is a hernia?

A fascial tear. All hernias are caused by a disruption in the fascia of the abdominal wall. Fascia is a strong sheet of connective tissue that extends from the top of you abdomen (where it meets your chest) down past your groin. The fascia is the strength layer of your abdominal wall. It is responsible for keeping your abdominal contents in your abdomen. A hernia is a hole in your fascia.
Hernia. Hernias can cause pain and more commonly when they are intermitently stuck or incarcerated in the defect. The will usually also cause some local bulging at the site of the hernia as well. You should have this issue evaluated by a medical professional and consider treatment if it is frequent or changes your ability to do normal daily activities. This can easily be seen on physical exam by your doc.
Tissue bulge. A hernia occurs when a small tissue bulges out through an opening in the muscles. Any part of the abdominal wall can weaken and develop a hernia, but the most common sites are the groin (inguinal), the naval (umbilical), and a previous surgical incision site.

Related Questions

What is a hernia?

Defect or hole. Hernia is a defect in abdominal wall most of the time, but more correctly abnormal protrusion of a viscus ( like disc, brain etc ). Read more...
Unwanted addition. Most hernias seen by docs are the result of one's inside " falling out" or " busting through" weakened or injured tissue and seen as a bulge with activity associated discomfort. Kind of like having an "odd addition" to your house that you don't want. This is a topic covered by many docs on this site and there are many excellent answers addressing diagnosis and treatment of various hernias. Read more...

What causes a hernia?

Nature/Nurture. Most hernias develop due to a "birth defect" of sorts, where natural holes in the abdominal wall present in fetal life fail to close. This may manifest itself at birth or require years of "exertion" before the hole reaches a size large enough to be evident. Other hernias are strictly "wear-and-tear" phenomena, although it is believed that they occur in-part due to inherently weak tissue. Read more...
See below. It is a defect or weakening in the abdominal wall (usually near the groin or in the lower abdomen). This can be caused by many things including past surgery, injury, excess weight, and others. Then a piece of intestine can penetrate the defect. The risk is strangulation and death of the intestine. This can happen anytime - that's why it should be treated. Read more...

What are some hernia symptoms?

Variable. Abdominal wall hernias can cause pain or discomfort, often worse with activity or certain positions. There is typically a lump under the skin that represents the abdominal contents coming through the hole in the abdominal wall (the hernia). Thus lump can enlarge, and in some cases become so large it becomes difficult to fit clothes and perform your usual activities. Read more...

What is a hernia and what can I do?

Weak spot in wall. A hernia is a defect in the wall of the abdomen allowing tissue (either fat or a loop of intestine) to push through. It becomes prominent when you strain, as you might when picking up something or going to the bathroom. If it persists, annoys you, or is enlarging, it may need to be repaired surgically. Your physician can evaluate it for you. Read more...
Weak/torn abdominal. Fascia (wall) tissue in the abdominal region is fairly common (more in men) and the only correction is surgery. Depending on the location, some can wear devices that externally substitute for the structure and hold things 'somewhat' together. Especially if it hurts or interferes in activity you'll want surgery. It's not particularly dangerous. Have it evaluated to plan. Best! Read more...

What is a hernia? Can woman get them?

A hole. And abdominal wall or groin hernia is literally a hole in the abdominal wall through which abdominal contents may protrude, causing a lump and/or pain. Belly button hernias are very common in women, and though they are less common then men, women can get groin hernias as well. Hope this helps! Read more...

What is a hernia? What are its symptoms?

Defect or hole. Hernia is a defect in abdominal wall most of the time, but more correctly abnormal protrusion of a viscus ( like disc, brain etc ).Symptoms depends on what type of hernia , usual groin hernias will have swelling that could be pushed inside , pain untreated will get complications. Read more...

What is a hernia? What are the symptoms?

Hole. Abdominal wall her is are a hole in the muscular wall of the abdomen, through which abdominal contents can protrude, usually fat and/or intestines. Symptoms are typically pain/discomfort, and a bulge under the skin that often goes away when lying down or with manual pressure. Your primary care doctor is a good place to start if you think you have a hernia. Hope this helps! Read more...

Please help me? What is a hernia, and what are symptoms?

It is a hole or tear. If an abdominal muscle tears, a hole develops in the abdominal wall. This is a hernia. Just like putting your fist through the wall in your home, you would need a plasterer to repair the hole in your wall. A general surgeon can help explain and determine if you have a hernia and if it needs to be repaired. Read more...

What causes recurrent hernias that mesh does not stay in place. Are there any ithers ways to repair hernias instead of mesh?

Hernias and mesh. Generally the mesh is "tacked in place" by staples or a suture and should not wander. Are you sure its the mesh moving versus another hernia - around the mesh? I might try a different surgeon. Read more...
Recurrent hernias. The incidence of hernia recurrence is dependent on the size and type of hernia, patient factors such as obesity, and the method of repair. The use of mesh has significantly reduced the rate of recurrence, but it is not perfect. When a hernia does recur it is not due to the mesh moving as much as persistence of the same factors which caused the hernia, leading to a "blow-out" . Read more...