32 doctors weighed in:

What is spina bifida?

32 doctors weighed in
Dr. Padmavati Garvey
Obstetrics & Gynecology
22 doctors agree

In brief: Spinal cord disorder

The spinal cord forms as an open tube that starts to close from the middle out to the two ends.
The entire closure is done by about ten weeks. If the closure is not normal than a condition known as spina bifida occurs. Open spina bifida is when there is an opening in the spinal column to the skin. Closed spina bifida is when there is an opening in the spinal column but it has a thin cover.

In brief: Spinal cord disorder

The spinal cord forms as an open tube that starts to close from the middle out to the two ends.
The entire closure is done by about ten weeks. If the closure is not normal than a condition known as spina bifida occurs. Open spina bifida is when there is an opening in the spinal column to the skin. Closed spina bifida is when there is an opening in the spinal column but it has a thin cover.
Dr. Padmavati Garvey
Dr. Padmavati Garvey
Thank
1 comment
Dr. Douglas Chang
http://www.spinabifidaassociation.org/site/c.evKRI7OXIoJ8H/b.8028963/k.BE67/Home.htm
Dr. Zachariah George
Neurosurgery
5 doctors agree

In brief: Different forms

There are several types of spina bifida.
All of them are the result of abnormal neural formation. Some types have some bone missing and other types have the neural sac exposed and others have the nerves exposed. Maintaining appropriate levels of folate (folic acid) prior to being pregnant is important as low levels have been correlated with higher incidence. Hope this helps.

In brief: Different forms

There are several types of spina bifida.
All of them are the result of abnormal neural formation. Some types have some bone missing and other types have the neural sac exposed and others have the nerves exposed. Maintaining appropriate levels of folate (folic acid) prior to being pregnant is important as low levels have been correlated with higher incidence. Hope this helps.
Dr. Zachariah George
Dr. Zachariah George
Thank
Dr. William Goldie
Pediatrics - Neurology
3 doctors agree

In brief: Lack of closure

In the fetus the spine develops with two parts that come together. The spinal cord is a flat strip that folds up and closes.
If these two parts do not fold up and close, they leave an opening in the spine with the spinal cord hanging loose. This appears as a sack usually at the base of the spine. The nerves to the legs, bowels and bladder are often involved. The sack needs to be closed.

In brief: Lack of closure

In the fetus the spine develops with two parts that come together. The spinal cord is a flat strip that folds up and closes.
If these two parts do not fold up and close, they leave an opening in the spine with the spinal cord hanging loose. This appears as a sack usually at the base of the spine. The nerves to the legs, bowels and bladder are often involved. The sack needs to be closed.
Dr. William Goldie
Dr. William Goldie
Thank
Read more answers from doctors