FTM. A genetic female may feel that she wants to live as a male. Typically these feelings start around age 4. Usually, the first surgery involved is removing the glandular breast tissue. A much more major surgery involves constructing a penis which is usually done with forearm skin.
SRS. The technical term is gender reassignment surgery and the diagnosis is gender dysphoria.
Gender dysphoria. Is treated not only by surgery, but by a team of individuals including therapist, endocrinologist, gynecologist, and plastic surgeon. Transgender mastectomies and chest masculinization, liposuction, hysterectomy, and rarely, creation of a phallus are all surgical aspects of f-m transgender process. Hormone therapy is a critical issue as well.
Change secondary ser. There are many aspects to this group of procedures: facial, chest an genital to name major areas.