Autoimmune thyroid. Autoimmune thyroid disease will not be detected in a basic thyroid screen which refers to T4 and a TSH and not thyroid antibodies. Autoimmune thyroid disease is detected by specific antibodies. Tpoab ( peroxidase antibodies) , tgab ( thyroglobulin antibodies) and trab ( thyroid stimulating receptor ab). Autoimmune thyroiditis is diagnosed by careful exam in conjunction with thyroid ab.
No. Your doctor needs to specifically order tests to look for antibodies that are directed against your own thyroid tissue.