24 doctors weighed in:

What are the effects of type 1 diabetes on pregnancy?

24 doctors weighed in
Dr. Pam Yoder
Obstetrics & Gynecology - Maternal Fetal Medicine
17 doctors agree

In brief: Big for mom, baby

With difficulty controlling type 1 dm, women face increased risk of poor glycemic control, dka, preeclampsia, hospitalization, induction of labor or early delivery if problems.
Babies may be small (growth restricted or early) or too big, have birth defects, suffer stillbirth or problems as newborn (eg, respiratory or bs problems, etc) best to improve control, see mfm before trying to conceive ttc.

In brief: Big for mom, baby

With difficulty controlling type 1 dm, women face increased risk of poor glycemic control, dka, preeclampsia, hospitalization, induction of labor or early delivery if problems.
Babies may be small (growth restricted or early) or too big, have birth defects, suffer stillbirth or problems as newborn (eg, respiratory or bs problems, etc) best to improve control, see mfm before trying to conceive ttc.
Dr. Pam Yoder
Dr. Pam Yoder
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2 comments
Dr. Ruth Crystal
In addition to all of the above, tight glucose control is very important prior to pregnancy and during early pregnancy to avoid certain birth defects.
Dr. Sheila Goodman
Moms are at increased risk for development of kidney problems and Cesarean section. Babies are at increased risk for heart and lower spine defects if their moms' glucose control is poor before pregnancy. Even with good control, there is increased risk of stillbirth, feeding and breathing problems, jaundice. Careful monitoring of mom and baby is important
Dr. R. Wayne Inzer
Obstetrics & Gynecology
4 doctors agree

In brief: Varied

The answer depends on how well controlled the diabetes is.
If poorly controlled at conception, increased risks of miscarriage and birth defects. If moderately to poorly controlled during pregnancy, risks of fetal demise. If sugars not well controlled these infants have a number of risks including difficult or dangerous vaginal births because they can be so large in size. Control is critical!

In brief: Varied

The answer depends on how well controlled the diabetes is.
If poorly controlled at conception, increased risks of miscarriage and birth defects. If moderately to poorly controlled during pregnancy, risks of fetal demise. If sugars not well controlled these infants have a number of risks including difficult or dangerous vaginal births because they can be so large in size. Control is critical!
Dr. R. Wayne Inzer
Dr. R. Wayne Inzer
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Dr. Vered Lewy-Weiss
Pediatrics - Endocrinology
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Stay in control!

It's very important to have good control over diabetes at all times.
Good control is necessary for a healthy pregnancy and also for a healthy baby. Fetal development can be negatively impacted when diabetes is not well-controlled during pregnancy. Poor control may also result in a too large baby making delivery more of a challenge.

In brief: Stay in control!

It's very important to have good control over diabetes at all times.
Good control is necessary for a healthy pregnancy and also for a healthy baby. Fetal development can be negatively impacted when diabetes is not well-controlled during pregnancy. Poor control may also result in a too large baby making delivery more of a challenge.
Dr. Vered Lewy-Weiss
Dr. Vered Lewy-Weiss
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1 comment
Dr. Jeff Livingston
Agree. Poor control also leads to more fetal abnormalities and stillbirths.
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Dr. Cindy Juster
Board Certified, Pediatrics
32 years in practice
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