5 doctors weighed in:

Why does bronchopulmonary dysplasia mainly happen to premature babies?

5 doctors weighed in
Dr. Charles Turck
Pharmacology
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Immature lungs

The lungs of premature babies have not had time to develop, so they do not function as well as a full-term baby’s lungs.
Many times, babies with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are born with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Their lungs are usually not able to make enough surfactant (a liquid that coats the lungs) to help keep them open so oxygen can flow through and help them breathe.

In brief: Immature lungs

The lungs of premature babies have not had time to develop, so they do not function as well as a full-term baby’s lungs.
Many times, babies with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are born with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Their lungs are usually not able to make enough surfactant (a liquid that coats the lungs) to help keep them open so oxygen can flow through and help them breathe.
Dr. Charles Turck
Dr. Charles Turck
Thank
Dr. Andrew Nordine
Pediatrics
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Prematurity

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (bpd) is a clinical diagnosis (i.
e. Based on observations at the bedside) that is associated with lab evidence of inflammation as well as structural changes of the lung. The incompletely developed lungs of premature infants often necessitate support that itself causes injury/inflammation (e.g. Mechanical ventilation, oxygen, etc.) to which premies are very sensitive.

In brief: Prematurity

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (bpd) is a clinical diagnosis (i.
e. Based on observations at the bedside) that is associated with lab evidence of inflammation as well as structural changes of the lung. The incompletely developed lungs of premature infants often necessitate support that itself causes injury/inflammation (e.g. Mechanical ventilation, oxygen, etc.) to which premies are very sensitive.
Dr. Andrew Nordine
Dr. Andrew Nordine
Thank
Dr. James Ferguson
Pediatrics

In brief: Pulmonary injury

Bpd is a term for the scaring that occurs as a reaction in premi's lung tissue to long term high ventilator pressures & oxygen needed to keep them alive.
If delivered early we must push oxygen into weak tissue because thats all there is.This can leave scarring.Term babies or near term premi's are more resilient & usually get better with less oxygen & pressure to get over any problems.

In brief: Pulmonary injury

Bpd is a term for the scaring that occurs as a reaction in premi's lung tissue to long term high ventilator pressures & oxygen needed to keep them alive.
If delivered early we must push oxygen into weak tissue because thats all there is.This can leave scarring.Term babies or near term premi's are more resilient & usually get better with less oxygen & pressure to get over any problems.
Dr. James Ferguson
Dr. James Ferguson
Thank
Get help from a real doctor now
Dr. Jonathan Jassey
Board Certified, Pediatrics
13 years in practice
1M people helped
Continue
108,000 doctors available
Read more answers from doctors