What is the long-term consequences of having bronchopulmonary dysplasia?

Several. Long-term consequences of bpd and its associated treatments may include growth restriction, low oxygen levels, high carbon dioxide levels, high blood pressures in the lungs and body, abnormal neurodevelopment, impairment of vision and hearing, and left ventricular hypertrophy (a cardiac condition). It is therefore critical that infants with bpd have close coordinated follow-up.
Breathing difficulty. Most infants who develop BPD are born more than 10 weeks before their due dates, weigh less than 2 pounds (about 1, 000 grams) at birth, have breathing problems. High oxygen and ventilatory pressures to keep lungs open. Infections that occur before or shortly after birth also can contribute to BPD. Infants that recover may have problems with asthma. More severe cases may require ventilatory support.
Variable. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia ("bpd") can be a severe problem from being on a ventilator as a newborn. However, children grow a lot of new lung for the first several years of life. If lung development goes well, there may be almost total healing of the damage from bpd. Asthma is the most common long-term problem from bpd, as often as 50% or so, especially in families with other children with asthma.

Related Questions

If the doctors say that my daughter has bronchopulmonary dysplasia, how long will she need to have supplemental o2?

Depends on baby. Bpd is a condition where the delicate lung air sacs are thickened & don't let oxygen pass into the body as easily. Over time the baby will repair and regrow the air sacs & as the walls thin the oxygen moves thru easier. Supplemental oxygen assures enough oxygen is available to sustain baby. During followup visits they test to determine when baby can do without the extra. Each baby is different.
Varies. It is difficult to reliably predict how long your child will require oxygen therapy if diagnosed with bpd. This depends upon the severity of the bpd and your child's ability to recover over time. Growth is one factor that will afford your baby the potential to recover with time. Some children require oxygen for short periods of time (weeks and months) and others long periods of time (years).