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How does ecmo work to fix hyaline membrane disease?

3 doctors weighed in
Dr. Jason Adler
Pediatrics - Critical Care
1 doctor agrees

In brief: Lung 'rest'

Hyaline membrane disease (hmd) or neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (rds) is usually a disease of premature babies which may limit the feasibility of ecmo (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation) in certain patients.
But, if the child is a candidate for and receives ecmo, the lungs are given a period of time to recover while the machine provides oxygen to and clears carbon dioxide from the body.

In brief: Lung 'rest'

Hyaline membrane disease (hmd) or neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (rds) is usually a disease of premature babies which may limit the feasibility of ecmo (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation) in certain patients.
But, if the child is a candidate for and receives ecmo, the lungs are given a period of time to recover while the machine provides oxygen to and clears carbon dioxide from the body.
Dr. Jason Adler
Dr. Jason Adler
Thank
Dr. James Ferguson
Pediatrics

In brief: It rests the lungs

The premi lung is like an unfinished house.
It has no paint on its inside walls.For effective breathing, a liquid called surfactant must form on the walls like paint so the lung can keep its rooms(alveoli) open between breaths.The unfinished walls swell & oxygen can't get thru.Ecmo does the work of breathing until the lungs finish forming.In time the surfactant forms & lungs can begin working

In brief: It rests the lungs

The premi lung is like an unfinished house.
It has no paint on its inside walls.For effective breathing, a liquid called surfactant must form on the walls like paint so the lung can keep its rooms(alveoli) open between breaths.The unfinished walls swell & oxygen can't get thru.Ecmo does the work of breathing until the lungs finish forming.In time the surfactant forms & lungs can begin working
Dr. James Ferguson
Dr. James Ferguson
Thank
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