8 doctors weighed in:
Are congenital defects the same as birth defects?
8 doctors weighed in

Dr. Pam Yoder
Obstetrics & Gynecology - Maternal Fetal Medicine
4 doctors agree
In brief: Yes
Here is a primer on the terms congenital refers to being present at birth.
Anomalies, abnormalities, defects are often used interchangeably. Not all are genetic or familial. Malformation and deformation mean different things. Malformation is an anomaly due to abnormal formation of a structure. Deformation is a change in a structure due to forces like pressure, eg, in cases of low amniotic fluid.

In brief: Yes
Here is a primer on the terms congenital refers to being present at birth.
Anomalies, abnormalities, defects are often used interchangeably. Not all are genetic or familial. Malformation and deformation mean different things. Malformation is an anomaly due to abnormal formation of a structure. Deformation is a change in a structure due to forces like pressure, eg, in cases of low amniotic fluid.
Dr. Pam Yoder
Dr. Pam Yoder
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Dr. Craig Keathley
Obstetrics & Gynecology
1 doctor agrees
In brief: Yes
Congenital means "present at birth".
It is the more scientific term for a birth defect.

In brief: Yes
Congenital means "present at birth".
It is the more scientific term for a birth defect.
Dr. Craig Keathley
Dr. Craig Keathley
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Dr. Alysia Townsend
Obstetrics & Gynecology
In brief: Yes
They are referring to the same thing; birth defect is more a colloquialism/vernacular, congenital is usually used in a medical/scientific context.

In brief: Yes
They are referring to the same thing; birth defect is more a colloquialism/vernacular, congenital is usually used in a medical/scientific context.
Dr. Alysia Townsend
Dr. Alysia Townsend
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Dr. Padmavati Garvey
Obstetrics & Gynecology
In brief: Yes
Yes they refer to the same thing.
They are abnormalities that develop while the baby is inside the uterus. They can be caused by genetics, toxins and drugs, or unknown reasons.

In brief: Yes
Yes they refer to the same thing.
They are abnormalities that develop while the baby is inside the uterus. They can be caused by genetics, toxins and drugs, or unknown reasons.
Dr. Padmavati Garvey
Dr. Padmavati Garvey
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Dr. Sheila Goodman
Obstetrics & Gynecology
In brief: Yes
Congenital literally means "with birth".
Birth defects can be from organs being formed wrong early in pregnancy, infection and exposure to harmful substances. The best thing you can do to avoid birth defects is to talk to your doctor about getting pregnant before you do so that any risk factors you have can be avoided.

In brief: Yes
Congenital literally means "with birth".
Birth defects can be from organs being formed wrong early in pregnancy, infection and exposure to harmful substances. The best thing you can do to avoid birth defects is to talk to your doctor about getting pregnant before you do so that any risk factors you have can be avoided.
Dr. Sheila Goodman
Dr. Sheila Goodman
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