What are some of the goals of minimally invasive heart surgery?

Several. First of all minimally invasive heart surgery means different things to different people. Beating heart surgery avoids heart lung machine maybe reduces strokes and blood transfusions. Avoiding breaking the breast bone can allow for faster recovery and better cosmetic results. View of mitral valve is actually better thru right side incision.
Already Answered. Please refer to my earlier answer to the question "goals of minimally invasive surgery", the goals are overall the same for most minimally invasive surgery including heart surgery.

Related Questions

What are the risks involved with minimally invasive heart surgery?

Similar to standard. For most minimally invasive heart surgery the main difference is the means to access the surgical site. Though less trauma may be needed, the actual surgical procedure itself will be similar and therefore have comparative risk to an "open" case.
Depends. What diagnosis what operation what personal risk factors? Death bleeding recurrence over time stroke infection are the serious but infrequent things we talk to patients about as they consent to operations.

Is minimally invasive heart surgery the same as open heart surgery?

Mostly.... The biggest difference is usually the incision size, with minimally invasive being smaller and often avoiding opening the breastbone. The actual surgical procedure, such as valve repair or bypass is often identical to the traditional approach.
No. Minimally invasive heart surgery are performed through small institutions on the sides of your chest. They will go through your rib cage inorder to not crack your chest. This results in quicker recovery time and less pain. Your surgeon could also see areas of the heart better rather than open heart.

Can you suggest some heart exercises that I can do after open heart surgery?

Aerobic. Aerobic exercises (such as walking) are preferred as opposed to resistance exercises (such as weightlifting). Exercise does not improve the strength of the heart but improves the efficiency of the rest of the body so less demand is placed on the heart. In most cases, cardiac rehabilitation is available either as an inpatient or outpatient after heart surgery.
Walking. The easiest and safest exercise is walking, but consult with your cardiologist before starting an exercise program and periodically afterwards.

With my heart problems would I be able to live a normal life, and at some point would I need heart surgery?

Not clear. What is your heart trouble? If coronary, then good behavior, risk avoidance, and if later coronary grafts can be done.
Be more specific. There is such a range of different heart conditions, it is hard to answer without more information.

When is open heart surgery needed vs less invasive options?

Many factors. If the ohs is for coronary artery blockage, surgery is indicated for life threatening disease (involving the left main artery) or multiple blockages (involving 3 or more arteries) that for technical reasons can't be adequately dilated and stented. If the ohs is for a valve, it depends on which valve, what's wrong with the valve, and the severity of symptoms.
Age and severity. Coronary artery disease is now often treated with stents placed during a cardiac cath, instead of open heart surgery. What is unclear is whether stents last as long as bypass, or if they are as good for multiple vessle disease. Younger patients, mand patients with more severe multiple vessel disease may do better with an open heart bypass.

My son has a sinus venous asd is it something that has to have heart surgery or its only in some cases not every cases?

Most of the time. It actually depends on the size of the defect and left to right shunt, and whethere there are signs of right heart volume overload (enlargement of the right atrium and right ventricle). Usually this type of defect is associated with partially anomalous pulmonary venous return which is also corrected at time of surgery. Check with your peds card. Who should be able to give you the above details.
Surgery only. Sinus venosus ASD will not close on its own. The lung drainage is involved in the ASD and this requires a baffle inside the heart. Sometimes a "warden operation" is performed. The long term outcome is excellent and the recovery is 2 days to 1 week in hospital then 1-2 weeks at home. Cedar sinai, ucla, usc all have excellent children heart surgery. Life long follow up is recommended.
Sinus Venosus ASD. If the ASD is large enough to cause enlargement of the right heart (right atrium and right ventricle) it should be closed. This type of ASD cannot be closed with a device, and therefore surgery would be necessary. The surgery is quite safe and completely effective in the hands of a very skilled surgeon. They must take care with the right upper pulmonary vein, as this is usually implicated.
Likely Yes. Sinus venosus defects cannot be treated in the cath lab. Most are large enough that they cause significant problems with blood flow and therefore require surgery. This is not always the case though, so please discuss the options with the cardiologist.

Do some patients have altered mental status over a week past open heart surgery?

Yes. If properly tested with neuropsychological tests many patients have mild memory problems up to a year after ohs. Fortunately the vast majority have no obvious changes noticeable to them or their family members.