How is an artificial heart valve inserted into the b body?

Surgery or Catheter. Traditionally, open heart surgery was the only way to replace heart valves. Techniques have now been developed to repair or replace some heart valves using catheters using less invasive methods (i.e. Closed chest procedures).
Open heart surgery . The surgeon, with anesthesia and adequate monitoring, will open your chest and use a machine that will oxygenate your body and pump it back to your body. Your heart will be resting while surgeon replace or repair your valve. The machine will act as your heart. At the end the heart will restart its function slowly and take over the pump function. Machine out and if valve work well we finish.

Related Questions

What are the materials in an artificial heart valve?

Two basic types. While there are many, many prosthetic or artificial replacement heart valves there are two basic types: mechanical and biological. Of the latter there are porcine valves and those made from bovine pericardium. Additionally, preserved human aortic valves, also referred to as homografts, are used. Read more...
See below. The structure of the current st jude valve, the most commonly used valve, is made of graphite with a prolytic carbon coating. There is a sewing cuff which is a ring around the valve shich is made of synthetic fiber like polyester, or teflon, or dacron. Read more...

Who are the makers of the artificial heart valve?

Depends on the type. There are several "artificial" heart valves, each with different manufacturers. Here in the US - surgical mechanical valves - mostly St. Jude. surgical biologic valves - mostly Edwards Lifesciences. percutaneous (stented) valve - Edwards currently available in US, but other companies like Medtronic and St. Jude (and other small companies) have devices in trials or experimental phase. Read more...

What are the risks and benefits of stenting diseased blood vessels / heart bypass surgery / heart transplant / artificial heart valve transplant?

Way too complex. This question is way to complex for a short text Q&A. Individual patient information is needed to really discuss risks and benefits. This discussion needs to be with a live cardiologist and/or cardiac surgeon. Read more...

Why do people with artificial heart valves have to take blood thinners?

Risk x clots. Artificial valves statistically are more prone to cause clots. Red blood cells crash against their hard surfaces triggering the cascade for clotting. This does not occur with bio prosthetic valves made of animals like pigs, or cadaver duramadre( meningeal layer). Read more...
Prevent blood clots. Since artificial heart valves is a foreign to the body substance they could stimulate formation of blood clots. Read more...

Warfarin user refused neck surgery too dangerous need warfarin friendly pain management medicine artificial aorotic heart valve?

Second Opinion. This is not an unusual problem. You cam be transitioned to another anti-coagulant with the help of your cardiologist prior to the operation. The surgeon can then do the surgery and you can be placed back on your coumadin (warfarin). Discuss with your cardiologist about recommendations for another surgeon. Read more...
Varies. Most of the time, a warfarin friendly pain medication means avoiding pain medications that do not also cause further anticoagulation of your blood. You would definitely want to check with your doctor, but usually this means to avoid non steroidal anti inflammatories in favor of tramadol or narcotic pain medications. Thank you for your question. Read more...