How can you differentiate congenital and acquired dilated cardiomyopathy?

History. By obtaining family history and pertinent risk factors. There are really no great differences in presentation, or in treatment.
Age. Age of onset, family history and blood tests can help differentite.

Related Questions

Can a vad help with dilated cardiomyopathy?

Yes. If the cardiomypoathy is severe, and potentially reversible, the lvad can support the circulation while the heart function recovers. In the case of a severe cardiomyopathy, the VAD can support the circulation until a transplant is available, or in some cased be a permanent support instead of a transplant. Most cardiomyopathies are not so severe, and can be treated with medicaions, or a biv pacer.

Why does dilated cardiomyopathy affect your ef?

Sick heart muscle. The ef is the ejection fraction, a measurement of heart function that estimates the percent of the blood volume that is ejected with each heart beat. Normal is usually > 50%. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart muscle is sick and functions poorly. Because the heart muscle is weakened, it can't pump normally and therefore ejects less blood with each heart beat. Thus a low ef.

How does dilated cardiomyopathy affect your body?

Many ways. The output of your heart is reduced so that you might get short of breath, your feet and abdomen could swell, your liver can enlarge and get congested, fluid can accumulate in your lungs, your heart will enlarge. Your lips and fingers may look bluish if the oxygen in the blood drops. Since the output of the heart becomes low, all the other organs can be affected.
See below. Depending on how bad it is, there is not enough blood flow to any part of the body including brain, kidneys, lungs, muscles etc. So any of these organs may suffer. You may be fatigued, short of breath, dizzy/confused etc. The symptoms are myriad!

How does dilated cardiomyopathy affect your health?

Impaired heart. The weakened heart muscle causes symptoms related to heart failure, such as shortness of breath, easy fatigue, leg swelling etc. And there is a risk of heart arrhythmia. If severe enough other organs began to fail because of impaired pumping function of the heart. There are treatments however to address these problems.

Can a child have dilated cardiomyopathy like an adult?

Yes. Rare but there is. Dilated cardiomyopathy has been identified as one of causes of sudden cardiac death in young athletes.
Yes. Dilated cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart muscle is weakened and the heart is enlarged. The most common cause in childhood is an infection with a virus, often the same sorts of viruses that cause the stomach flu (enteroviruses). Some other causes include genetic problems, muscular dystrophy, toxic exposures (including drugs), heart rhythm problems and malformations of the heart.
Yes. They can, although it is uncommon. It can improve, stabilize, or worsen and require transplant. They can also have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy like adults, which is a leading cause of sudden cardiac death in young athletes.

What is the long-term outlook of dilated cardiomyopathy?

CHF. Congestive heart failure, shortness of breath.
Depends. Depends on how severe it is. Milder forms can be controlled with medications, which is the majority of patients, and a normal lifestyle is quite possible. The most severe cases may be eligible for heart transplantation, talk to your doctor.
Depends. Needs close follow up by an expert doc. One can live many years if monitored and managed by an expert doc without doc sudden death is easily possible.

What parts of the body does dilated cardiomyopathy affect?

Heart. Dilated means enlarged or stretched out. Cardio= relating to heart myo= muscle pathy= disease or weakening. So dilated cardiomyopathy is an enlarged heart with weak muscle. Although only the heart muscle is weak, it can affect every part of the body if the delivery of blood is diminished as in congestive heart failure.
All. Depending on how bad it is, there is not enough blood flow to any part of the body including brain, kidneys, lungs, muscles etc.
The heart. The low cardiac output can cause low perfusion of other organs such as brain, gut, liver and kidneys check with your doc.