Medicine or surgery. With diet, lipid management, diabetes control, weight managent, blood pressure control, smoking cessation and a coronary cath. Your doctors will know if a stent or bypass surgery are necessary.
Manage. Stop smoking, lose weight: BMI <28, very healthy low fat diet (some suggest an anti-inflammatory diet), exercise, control diabetes/check blood sugar, regular check ups to review cholesterol, bp, sugar, BMI in check and take medications as prescribed.
What happens to a patient with a coronary artery disease if he is given 1 liter of intravenous fluids in just 2 hours?
Likely nothing. This is a bit more than a usual beverage and you state it is iv. Most will respond by urinating. Someone with a low blood pressure to rise or dehydration will feel better. If the person is already overloaded or in heart failure they may feel worse or get short of breath and need medication. For someone in shock this may not be enough fluid. So it depends on more than coronary disease.
Depends. If cardiac function is normal, blood pressure is controlled, and there are not symptoms of congestive heart failure, 1 liter of IV fluid should not cause much symptoms.
Any type. Coronary artery disease can affect patients as young as 18 or as old as 100 years. Risk factors include cigarettes, diabetes, hypertension, family history of coronary disease, and elevated cholesterol. The more of these risk factors you have, the earlier in life you are likely to experience the disease.
Potentially all. Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death in the us, and potentially everyone can be affected. You need to visit with your physician to better address your particular risks.
Vast Majority. Atherosclerosis (known to start ~age 7), is dominant human behavior yet typically remains asymptomatic for decades because the disease is in the walls & the arteries enlarge, compensating for the disease. It is plaque ruptures, debris downstream & clots which produce the blood flow obstructions, heart muscle damage & death. Stress tests overwhelmingly miss the disease until after it is advanced.
Varies by age. It varies by age, younger women have less CAD than men (<45); however as they (women aproach 65 to 70) the percentages even out (55% men 45% women).
This may be of help. Http://www. Springerlink. Com/content/h3p154ut24585541/.
CAD. About half, very common in both sexes.
No precise # While a exact # isnt really known, we know women tend to be missed due to atypical symptoms and late presentation. They also have more coronary artery vasospasm. So women need special attention and not be dismissed when they present with chest pain thats not the "text book" description.
#1 killer of. Women & men in U.S....That's what CAD disease is. Another sobering statistic. ..50% of people (men & women) are diagnosed with CAD when they present with their first heart attack. Talk to your physician about appropriate asymptomatic screenings like cimt or coronary artery calcium ct.
Yes! It is the most common coronary artery disease.
Yes but. Atherosclerosis is a general term for cholesterol plaque in arteries while CAD is specific to coronaries. Plaque does not distribute uniformly for reasons unknown.
Yes. Coronary artery disease is an atherosclerotic lesion.
Multiple causes. High blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, smoking, genetics, cholesterol, are among the multitude of causes noted.
Yes. With explosion of obesity in children, early coronary plaque is possible by their 18th birthday.
Unlikely. CAD is secondary to cholesterol and calcium building up in the walls of arteries. While it is possible to occur in children or young adults due to hereditary or congenital problems, it is overwhelmingly a disease of middle aged to older adults.