What is the difference between systolic and diastolic heart failure and congestive heart failure?

Weak versus stiff. Congestive heart failure is a general term referring to when the heart is no longer available to pump blood effectively enough to support the needs of the body. Systolic failure is the more common situation where the heart pumps weakly, while diastolic failure refers to inability of the heart to relax and expand normally, as in the case of severe hypertrophy or muscular overgrowth.
Semnatics. Congestive heart failure is the congestion that ensues when the heart can not keep up with the demands of the tissues and fails to deliver adequate blood and nurtrients. This can be a result of a weakness in the contraction (systolic) or a stiffness in filling (disatolic) both can lead to congestion and heart failure.

Related Questions

What is diastolic heart failure, and how is it different from congestive heart failure?

Stiff heart muscle. Congestive heart failure can be divided into systolic and diastolic types. Systolic heart failure means the heart doesn't pump well enough because the muscles are weak and squeeze very well. Diastolic heart failure means the muscles of the heart are too stiff. As a result, the heart can't fill with blood very easily which also means it can't function as well as a pump. Read more...
Different. CHF can be diastolic or systolic or mixed. Diastolic dysfunction is a problem with dilatation of heart, whereas systolic dysfunction is a problem with contraction of the heart. Read more...
Related. The heart has to squeeze effectively, but also has to be able to relax inbetween squeezing to allow adequate filling. If it can't relax that is considered diastolic heart failure. Congestive heart failure can be either systolic (the squeezing action) or diastolic (the relaxing function). Impairment of either one or both can lead to congestive heart failure. Read more...
A subclass. diastolic heart failure is a subclass of congestive heart failure. CHF can result from systolic heart failure (failure to contract properly), from diastolic heart failure (failure to relax the heart), or from valvular heart disease. Volume overload from renal failure can also cause CHF. Read more...

My 33 yr old son had a heart attack 10-15. He now has dx of chronic combined systolic and diastolic congestive heart failure. Ef of 40. How serious?

Heart failure. Heart failure caused by a prior myocardial infarction (heart attack) is a very serious problem. Fortunately there are well-defined treatments including medications and procedures. Patients with this condition should be under the care of a cardiologist. It may also help to get a second opinion here on HealthTap to review treatment options. . Read more...

What are some of the characteristics of diastolic heart failure?

Diastolic HF. If by characteristics you mean symptoms, the symptoms of diastolic heart failure otherwise known as heart failure with preserved left ventricular function, are difficult to distinguish from those of heart failure due to poor cardiac function. Shortness of breath is probably the most common symptom with swelling of the legs and abdomen being other symptoms. Read more...
Shortness of breath. Most commonly, shortness of breath with exertion. In advanced cases, you may have leg swelling and at times, people with very high blood pressure may have chest pains as well. Read more...

Diastolic heart failure I have been recently diagnosed with diastolic heart failure. What can I do to prolong my life? Can I slow the thickening?

Yes, somewhat. Main cause of diastolic heart failure is high bp. You can lower this by decreasing salt intake, increasing exercise, avoiding alcohol, cold medications, stimulant medications, and taking antihypertensives. In addition, you should be checked for sleep apnea, and coronary ischemia. There are other causes - such as infiltrative diseases of the heart that cannot be greatly altered by these methods. Read more...
Diastolic failure. In order to do the best you can with diastolic heart failure, you need to take your medicines as order, follow a low salt diet, and get exercise as tolerated by you. In contrast to systolic heart failure, we don't have drugs which have proven to prolong life for this type of failure. Read more...

What are the long term consequences of acute on chronic diastolic heart failure?

Depends. I assume you mean chronic diastolic heart failure with acute exacerbation.Its what happens in diastolic heart failure-subject to intermittent acute exacerbation.It is particularly sensitive to heart rate and fluid volume.sudden death is another consequence besides heart failure. Atrial fibrillation is common and therefore stroke risk.Others die from comoerbiditieswhich are frequent such as kidney. Read more...

Can diastolic heart failure be seen on an echocardiogram?

Echo and CFH. Echocardiography can be used to diagnose diastolic dysfunction. However, no one single echocardiographic parameter can make the diagnosis of diastolic heart failure. Multiple echo parameters have been proposed including mitral inflow velocity patterns, pulmonary vein flow patterns, tissue doppler measurements, and m-mode echo measurements (i.e. Left atrial size). The answer is not really. Read more...
Echo and diastolic. strong clues can be seen by echo such as doppler evidence of diastolic dysfunction, left atrial enlargement, increased right ventricular systolic pressure, and an inferior vena cava that doesn't collapse could all suggest chf related to diastolic dysfunction. Read more...

If left ejection fraction is maintained in diastolic heart failure, why is the cardiac output decreased?

Think stiffness. In diastolic dysfunction, the heart muscle tends to be stiff, so that it doesn't "relax" well and fill with blood. So even if the heart can pump blood forward OK, if it doesn't fill up appropriately, then it won't function optimally ... Read more...