What are cardiac catheterization procedures?

X-ray test. During cardiac catheterization, x-ray dye is injected into the heart while x-ray movies are taken during the injection. This allows the physician to see the muscle of the heart, the function of the valves, and the coronary arteries. As the heart structures are not dense like a bone, it requires x-ray dye to be injected in order to be able to see the important structures of the heart.
Catheterization . The procedure involves sliding catheters through your blood vessels to the heart. The catheters are used to measure pressures, take samples, inject dye for imaging and other purposes. When imaging is performed with cath we call it angiography. Often they go together.

Related Questions

What procedure is involved in cardiac catheterization?

Several. A routine cardiac catheterization involves several parts.The patient is prepped and brought to a procedure room. Usually the area around the femoral artery is numbed locally and an arterial sheath inserted. Through this tube, about 3mm in size, other smaller tubes called catheters are advanced up the aorta to the heart. Pressures are measured and pics taken of coronary arteries and left ventricle. Read more...
An angiogram. Where contrast is injected into coronary arteries for visualization under fluoroscopy. Read more...

Is cardiac catheterization dangerous? I’m having one next week. My doctor explained the procedure, and it seems like there’s a lot that could go wrong. Are the odds of dying during this procedure high?

Cardiac . Cardiac catheterization can be dangerous since it is an invasive procedure, but under good care with physicians with a lot of experience, the risks can be minimized. The odds of death from a diagnostic procedure are low. However, if an intervention is performed, that risk increases significantly. The most common risks of the procedure are bleeding and bruising at the site of catheter insertion. More serious risks are stroke, arrhythmias, heart attack, injury to blood vessels requiring emergency bypass surgery, and kidney failure. The frequency of these complications is probably less than 1:100 or 1:200 procedures. Read more...
About 1 in 10,000. The risks of any procedure must be balanced against the benefit to you. Your doctor should given you information about why the test is necessary. A diagnostic heart cath has a mortality risk of about 1 in 10, 000, but there are other complications to consider such as stroke, bleeding, and heart attack during the procedure usually less than 1 in 1000. The most common problem is groin bruising 4 %. Read more...

Could patients listen to an ipod during a cardiac catheterization or angioplasty procedure?

Probably not. Devices like that would not normally be allowed in an operating room. Most cath labs have music playing, and would likely be happy to play music that you request. Read more...