Yes. Mitral stenosis in a newborn is one of the many congenital heart defects that are influenced by a complex interaction of various genes. It can occur separately or along with other defects. Affected individuals have a 5% risk of having a child or parent with some form of congenital heart defect, not necessarily the same one.
Yes. Children may have mitral stenosis. While it is known that there are genes responsible for the direction of cardiac development, mitral stenosis is not specifically linked to a genetic mutation in most cases.
Depends. Depends on severity as per cutaneous (valvuloplasty) or surgery (usually replacement) are reserved for symptomatic & advanced cases that no longer respond to medications which is first line option. If intervention is required than echocardiography is used to determine if surgery or balloon valvuloplasty is best option. Talk to your cardiologist.
More below. Yes. Diuretics and beta blockers however mitral stenosis will lead to death if the valve area is less than 1 cm2 and it remains untreated (surgically).
Yes. There are medications which can help in managing mitral stenosis. They include diuretics and blood pressure medicines and rhythm control medicines. There is a report which shows statins may slow the disease in those pts with rheumatic heart disease of the aortic valve. Unfortunately the natural course if for it to worsen and many times you will need more aggressive treatment.
Mitral Stenosis. For starters, there are no specific pain fibers in the heart. When the valve is stenotic (narrowed) it impedes flow between the left atrium and ventricle. This causes enlargement of the left atrium and elevation of pressure in that chamber and pulmonary circulation. The symptom is then not pain but shortness of breath.
Pain not typical. Heart pain is usually associated with poor blood flow to the muscle of your heart. This can happen because of blocked arteries or thickened heart muscle from high blood pressure or aortic stenosis. Mitral stenosis usually doesn't cause the pumping chambers to thicken. Ms symptoms are usually shortness of breath and heart failure.
Depends. Mitral stenosis as it progresses causes the Left atrium to enlarge and can cause a-Fib. This can lead to increased pulmonary pressures which can lead to right heart failure. So there is a drop in cardiac out put from deceased pre-load and severe pulmonary hypertension leading to edema, ascites, etc. The drs can do a surface echo, TEE, right and left heart cath to evaluate and time the surgery.
Many potn'l symptoms. Palpitations, chest pain, syncope, shortness of breath, respiratory failure, arrythmias - inluding atrial fibrillation, liver failure, edema, renal insufficiency, congestive heart failure.
Varies w/ severity. Early mitral stenosis has minimal symptoms. As it worsens patients may develop fatigue, shortness of breath, and palpitations. Severe stenosis can cause severe pulmonary hypertension. This can cause hemeoptosis and heart failure. Another sign is very rosy cheeks.
Mitral stenosis. If severe, mitral stenosis is treated either with balloon valvuloplasty if the valve is not too calcified, or valve replacement.
Surgery. If it's causing symptoms, it requires intervention: either with a catheter (vavlulplasty) or with surgery (commissurotomy or valve replacement, depending on your age and the severity of the valve).
Mitral Valve. The mitral keeps oxygenated blood flowing in one direction from the left atrium to the left ventricle.
Mitral valve. The mitral valve is between the left atrium (la) and the left ventricle (lv). So blood with new oxygen returns from lungs into la then it passes thru the mitral valve into (lv) which pumps it to the body. Mitral stenosis is when the mitral valve doesn't open all the way. This makes filling of the heart difficult. The blood backs up causing the (la) to dilate and the lungs to get sick too.
No. No, there is no proof that this works.
Maybe. Rheumatic heart disease is caused by a strep infection. The use of antibiotics has drastically reduced the incidence in the developed world. A study following patients over 8 yrs showed that in many patients statins slowed down the progression of aortic stenosis. It doesn't reverse or stop the disease. This is still controversial. And remember there are downsides to all medicines including statins.