What are the risks or possible side effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy? Does it hurt? And what side effects are there?

Treatment. Treatment of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (hbot) is generally safe and painless. The most common side effect would be the risk of injury to your ear drums during the compression phase of the treatment. This is because compression of the hyperbaric chamber is similar to when an airplane lands, or when you dive to the bottom of a swimming pool. As pressure builds up outside of the ear, you will have to equalize pressure by "popping" your ears. If you can do this, there should be no problems. If you cannot because you have a cold, aren't paying attention, or because you are not properly trying to equalize pressure, you can have pain, bleeding, swelling, or in a worst case scenario - rupture of the ear drum. These can all be easily avoided by communicating with your hyperbaric chamber operator, who will monitor your progress and adjust your compression or decompression rate. If you cannot successfully equalize your ears, you may be referred for pressure equalization tubes, which will eliminate this risk. You may have similar discomfort in your sinuses, which is more difficult to manage because it is not possible to actively equalize pressure in your sinuses. In this case, your treatment may have to be postponed until you can decreased the amount of inflammation around your sinus cavities. People who get hbot may also be at risk to damage to their lungs if there is a history of spontaneous collapse of the lungs, or damage to the lung tissue such as emphysema or COPD or asthma. If you have any history of lung disease, you should tell your treating physician ahead of time so that they can screen you for safety. We have noticed that there are some people who develop mild nearsightedness as a result of hbot. This usually is in the elderly or diabetic patient but can happen to anyone who has had a multi-week series of hbot. These effects are generally temporary and revert back to pre-hbot vision. You should be aware of these changes so that you can plan for alternative transportation in case your vision changes. You should not have to get new glasses, as vision will generally return to baseline after you have stopped your hbot. As with any medication, too much medicine may result in an toxicity. In the case of oxygen, you can get a case of oxygen poisoning of the brain, which could result in a seizure. This seizure is strictly related to the oxygen and will stop once the oxygen levels are decreased. You won't have to take any medications or be at any higher risk of seizures in the future. The risk of an oxygen induced seizure has been estimated to be about 1 in 3, 000 to 1 in 5, 000 treatments. Your treating physician may modify your treatment profile to use less oxygen, or institute more frequent or longer air breaks to temporarily lower the dose of oxygen to your brain.
There. There are 13 medicare approved indications for hbo therapy. You can find out more by visiting the website for uhms (the undersea and hyperbaric medical society). That is the major organization for the specialty. There are no adverse side effects. The risks are associated with the process of decompression at the beginning and decompression at the end of the session. The biggest problem is difficultly "popping" your ears during compression, but this is easily addressed by the hbo technician. They will assess you to see if you have any other risk factors.
Yes. Yes, there are known risks of hyperbaric oxygen therapy that a qualified doctor should review with you prior to starting treatment. Risks can be related to pressure on the eardrum (barotrauma), lower blood sugar, changes in your vision, risk of fire / explosion, and other problems. Usually there is no painful side effect. Make sure you ask a hyperbaricist about all your concerns before starting.

Related Questions

Does hyperbaric oxygen therapy has side effects?

Mostly NO. Hyperbaric treatments have allowed dramatic healing of leg ulcers in my patients. None have had any problem. The common concern is ear drug injury from the high pressures used, if the patient has a problem equalizing ear pressure (like what happens when planes descend altitude and one's ears hurt). On wikipedia, I read about anumber of other concerns that most patients would never encounter.
Hyperbaric treatment. There are complications from hyperbaric oxygen treatments. Your wound center will have a technician and a physician that can review these with you. The most common complications are considered minor and or temproary. Many patients that require the treatments undergo the placement of ear tubes to equalize pressure. The other common temporary side effect is a change in vision.
A few reversible. Hyperbaric oxygen (hbo) therapy is administration of 100% oxygen under pressure. The oxygen acts like a drug in this envirionment. Some diabetics will have a significant drop in their blood sugar but it goes back to safe range when they eat or drink. Patients getting a lot of hbo (over 40) can have worsening of distance vision) that will revert to pre-hbo level once treatments are stopped.
Possibly. Yes, there are known risks of hyperbaric oxygen therapy that a qualified doctor should review with you prior to starting treatment. Risks can be related to pressure on the eardrum (barotrauma), lower blood sugar, changes in your vision, risk of fire / explosion, and other problems. Most patients do just fine, but make sure you ask a hyperbaricist about all your concerns before starting treatment.

For what length of time did it take you to notice effects from hyperbaric oxygen therapy?

Clarify. Hello. Please be specific and advise of which condition is being treated.
Variable. The answer is somewhat variable. The effects of hyperbaric oxygen can be immediate (in the case of carbon monoxide poisoning), but can be long - very long (for example, in the case of radiation cystitis). We usually wait about 1 month before seeing effects in diabetic wounds, but again this varies depending on the size of the wound, and its "complexity" (i.e., underlying medical conditions).

What are the 13 indications approved by medicare for hyperbaric oxygen therapy?

Too Long FOR SITE. Theses are too long to print in 400 words. You can google it and you will get the site, or go on www. Cms. Gov/rgulations guidelines to get this or any other information about medicare coverage etc.
See below. L. Carbon monoxide intoxication 2. Decompression illness 3. Gas embolism 4. Gas gangrene 5. Traumatic peripheral ischemia. 6. Crush injuries, severed limbs. 7. Progressive necrotizing infections 8. Acute peripheral arterial insufficiency 9. Compromised skin grafts 10. Refractory osteomyelitis, unresponsive 11. Osteoradionecrosis 12. Soft tissue radionecrosis 13. Cyanide poisoning 14.Actinomycosis.
All 13? There may not be enough space to answer your question, but i'll try: 1. Diabetic foot ulcers, after 30+ days of std wound care. 2. Chronic refractory osteomyelitis 3. Radiation skin or soft tissue injuries 4. Actinomycosis 5. Crush injuries and acute traumatic ischemic limbs 6. Necrotizing skin / soft tissue infections 7. Air embolism 8. Decompression sickness. Oops, I'm out of space, sry.

What is hyperbaric oxygen therapy?

Hyperbaric oxygen. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment is a process where a person is placed in a room or chamber with high pressurized 100% oxygen. This delivers high levels of oxygen to the person and can be used to treat slow or difficult to heal wounds like diabetic or infected wounds. It can be a means to improve healing, to try to prevent the loss of an extremity, or treat serious wound sepsis.
Hyperbaric oxygen. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is delivered in a chamber. It can be single person chamber or a multiplace chamber. 100% oxygen is delivered within the chamber under pressures equal to 2 to 2.5 atmospheres of pressure depending on the medical problem that you physician is treating. This is equal to 33 feet of seawater in pressure. The treatments last two to 2.5 hours; they are done daily.
Definition. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (hbot) is, by definition, the administration of oxygen at greater than atmospheric pressure. There are many indications for this type of treatment: radiation injuries, wounds related to diabetes or poor circulation, and others. Hbot is delivered in 1 of 2 ways: a monochamber (1 patient at a time) or a multichamber (more than 1 patient). The efficacy is the same.