Does the blood type your child has affect whether or not he can get sickle cell disease?

No. No, sickle cell disease is a genetically inherited disease that you obtain by getting genes for the disease from both parents. You either get the disease (or trait if only partially genetically inherited) or you don't. Blood type has nothing to do with this.
No. Blood type is inherited separately from sickle cell disease. Your blood type has no influence on whether one inherits sickle cell anemia or not.
No. Blood type factors are carried on different gene sites in the chromasomes and have nothing to do with sickle cell disease.