Is surgery the best treatment for hydrocephalus?

Yes. If you truly have hydrocephalus then surgery is the best therapy currently available. The only type of hydrocephalus that is controversial is normal pressure hydrocephalus (nph). The outcomes of surgery for nph are less consistent than for other types of hydrocephalus.
Depends. While surgery is a mainstay in the treatment of hydrocephalus, there are certain forms where no intervention is indicated. Neurosurgical consultation is strongly encouraged to best understand the etiology and best treatment strategy for an individual with suspected hydrocephalus...