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What is the difference between osteopenia and osteoporosis? What effect does nutrients like calcium and vitamin d have on these conditions?

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Dr. Michael Bolesta
Orthopedic Surgery

In brief: Matter of degree

Osteopenia can simply refer to loss of bone substance (density) on x-rays.
It can also mean bone loss not severe enough to be called osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is density more than 2.5 standard deviations less than normal young people (t score less than -2.5). Osteopenia is T-score of -1.0 to -2.5. Calcium and vitamin d can help, but check with specialist. Other conditions can mimic osteoporosis.

In brief: Matter of degree

Osteopenia can simply refer to loss of bone substance (density) on x-rays.
It can also mean bone loss not severe enough to be called osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is density more than 2.5 standard deviations less than normal young people (t score less than -2.5). Osteopenia is T-score of -1.0 to -2.5. Calcium and vitamin d can help, but check with specialist. Other conditions can mimic osteoporosis.
Dr. Michael Bolesta
Dr. Michael Bolesta
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