Can you have back pain when recovering from chemo therapy?

Sure. I dont think it is any more or less likely than having not been on chemo.
Yes. Many chemotherapy agents can cause muscle and backe pain, which may persist for a while after completing therapy.

Related Questions

Is it normal to have back pain when recovering from chemo therapy?

Something else? It depends, but one of the commonest causes of back pain after chemo is bone marrow stimulation if a medication like Neupogen or Neulasta (pegfilgrastim) has been used to prevent a drop in counts. Please check with your doctor if that is the cause and to make sure you do not need an xray, a bone scan or MRI to rule out something else as the cause of your back pain.